Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請問有沒有人可以幫我翻譯???不要用翻譯機翻

Hippotherapy is the use of a horse as part of an integrated treatment strategy for children and adults with movement dysfunction.Unlike therapeutic horseback riding,where riding skills are taught to individuals with disabilities, hippotherapy is a treatment strategy performed by health professionals, such as physical and occupational therapists, in which the horse is used as a therapeutic intervention (NARHA, 1998). The goals of hippotherapy are to improve the client’s posture, balance, mobility, and function. The back of the walking horse imparts a three- dimensional movement to the pelvis of the rider that is thought to be similar to the human’s pelvic movement during gait (Fleck, 1992). The therapist directs the movements of the horse while analyzing the client’s responses. Modifications in the terrain, the horse’s speed or direction,or the rider’s position, or functional tasks can be made to provide an ap- propriate movement challenge. As indicated by the American Hippother- apy Association (www.americanhippotherapyassociation.org) persons who may benefit from hippotherapy include those with diagnoses of ce- rebral palsy (CP), developmental delay, Down syndrome, and traumatic brain injury.

According to a systems theory of postural control, “The task of pos- tural control involves the body’s position in space for (a) stability, de- fined as controlling the center of body mass within the base of support, and (b) orientation, defined as the ability to maintain an appropriate rela- tionship between the body segments and between the body and the envi- ronment for a task” (Shumway-Cook & Woollacott, 2001, p. 190). Putting

a child with movement dysfunction on a horse provides myriad oppor- tunities for the child to respond to the movement of the horse while per- forming functional tasks like reaching.

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  • 1 decade ago
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    河馬療法是一種使用馬作為針對罹患行動官能障礙症的兒童及成人的一種整合性治療策略

    不像以往單單只教導病患騎馬技術的馬背治療法,河馬療法是由物理治療師及專業治療師等這類的醫學專家親自示範,馬只是整個療程中的一部份(NARHA, 1998).

    這個療法的目的是爲了改善病患的姿勢,平衡感,行動能力及其他運動功能.騎乘在行走中的馬的馬背上使病患的骨盆得到如正常人在行走時3D(前,上,下)的活動狀態(Fleck, 1992).

    當分析病患的反應時,治療師會立刻改正治療術的運作步驟.地形的修正,馬行走時的速度及方向,病患的姿勢,及其他作業能提供適合這難症的運動

    American Hippother- apy Association 指出,包括診斷出腦性麻痺(CP),發展遲緩,唐氏症,外部撞擊使大腦受傷等等的病患可能從河馬療法中得到治療及改善

    依據姿態控制的系統理論,"姿態控制這項複雜的系統涉及身體內部的(A)一種定意為以支撐點控制身體中心的穩定性,以及(B)另一種稱之為協調性,定義為維持身體各部門間以及身體對外在環境之間作業的適合關係的能力"

    當在執行像到達目標這類的功能治療時,將行動障礙的孩子放在馬背上可提供大量的機會讓孩子去反應馬的行動狀態

    花了一小時,好不容易翻完這篇醫學文章

    謝謝您給我這樣的機會

    也從中學了不少新字

    不過

    有些地方還不是翻的很好,請見諒

    HIPPO是河馬的縮寫

    所以我就翻河馬療法了

    最困難應該就是這一段了According to a systems theory of postural control..............

    有點不通順,但是應該是說身體的協調度及穩定性

    最後一段的REACHING我想應該是設定一個點

    讓病患可以往那一個點前進

    電視上有訓練中風病人行走的戲劇都是這樣演的

    Source(s): 自己
  • 1 decade ago

    Hippotherapy是對馬的用途作為一個聯合治療戰略一部分為孩子和成人與運動官能不良。不同於治療馬術,乘坐技能被教對個體以傷殘, hippotherapy是衛生業職員執行的治療戰略,例如物理和職業臨床醫療師,馬使用作為治療干預(NARHA 1998)。 目標的hippotherapy是改進客戶的姿勢、平衡、流動性和作用。 走的馬的後面給予三維運動到在步態車手的骨盆(Fleck期間,認為是相似的於人的骨盆運動1992)。 治療師指揮馬的運動,當分析客戶的反應時。 改動在地形、馬的速度或者方向或者車手的位置或者功能任務可以做提供ap- propriate運動挑戰。 如是由也許受益於hippotherapy的美國Hippother- apy協會(www.americanhippotherapyassociation.org)人表示的包括那些與鈰rebral痲痺(CP),發展延遲、唐氏綜合症和創傷腦傷診斷。

    根據姿勢控制的系統論, 「pos- tural控制任務在空間在支持之內基地介入身體姿勢(a)穩定,非罰款作為控制身體大量的中心和(b)接受簡單指示,被定義作為能力維護一適當的真正的tionship在身體段之間和在身體和envi- ronment之間為任務」(Shumway烹調& Woollacott 2001年, p. 190)。 投入

    一個孩子與運動官能不良在馬為孩子提供無數的oppor- tunities反應馬的運動,當每形成功能任務喜歡到達時。

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