- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Australia, is the smallest continent, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. With the island state of Tasmania to the south, the continent makes up the Commonwealth of Australia, a federal parliamentary state (2005 est. pop. 20,090,000), 2,967,877 sq mi (7,686,810 sq km). Australia's capital is Canberra. Its largest city is Sydney, closely followed in population by Melbourne. There are five continental states (Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, and Western Australia, in addition to the aforementioned Tasmania) as well as the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory (an enclave within New South Wales, containing Canberra). Australia's external territories include Norfolk Island, Christmas Island, the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and the Australian Antarctic Territory.
Early History and Colonization
The groups comprising the aborigines are thought to have migrated from Southeast Asia. Skeletal remains indicate that aborigines arrived in Australia more than 40,000 years ago, and some evidence suggests that they were active there about 100,000 years ago. The aborigines spread throughout Australia and remained isolated from outside influences until the arrival of the Europeans. Australia may have sighted by a Portuguese, Manuel Godhino de Eredia, in 1601 and by a Spaniard, Luis Vaez de Torres, around 1605—6, but Dutchman Willem Janszoon is the first European confirmed to have seen (1606) and landed in Australia. Other Dutch navigators later visited the continent, and the Dutch named it New Holland. In 1688 the Englishman William Dampier landed at King Sound on the northwest coast. Little interest was aroused, however, until the fertile east coast was observed when Capt. James Cook reached Botany Bay in 1770 and sailed N to Cape York, claiming the coast for Great Britain.
In 1788 the first British settlement was made–a penal colony on the shores of Port Jackson, where Sydney now stands. By 1829 the whole continent was a British dependency. Exploration, begun before the first settlement was founded, was continued by such men as Matthew Flinders (1798), Count Paul Strzelecki (1839), Ludwig Leichhardt (1848), and John McDouall Stuart (first to cross the continent, 1862). Australia was long used as a dumping ground for criminals, bankrupts, and other undesirables from the British Isles. Sheep raising was introduced early, and before the middle of the 19th cent. wheat was being exported in large quantities to England. A gold strike in Victoria in 1851 brought a rush to that region. Other strikes were made later in the century in Western Australia. With minerals, sheep, and grain forming the base of the economy, Australia developed rapidly. By the mid-19th cent. systematic, permanent colonization had completely replaced the old penal settlements.
hope these would help you.
thanks!Source(s): columbian encyclopedia
- uhlmanLv 44 years ago
nicely it completely relies upon on the easily time 'us colonists' are from. If say, we've been as more desirable as we are in the present day then the Celt like tribes might pose an extremely small possibility while confronted with the armament of our time. i might take lots of Engineers, docs and infantrymen to furnish a safeguard between the tribes and the colonists (comprising of consumer-friendly adult adult males, women human beings and young little ones - who might come after a defendable place to stay replaced into popular). i might first make small sheltered communities (build a huge wall around for canopy) . Then i might enable the tribe in to make certain our methods as long as they might behave themselves. Or i might purely take some area Marines and bypass carawack on their ***. Who is acquainted with! Lol.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Originally, the chinese but Great Britian's James Cook claimed it for England in the late 1700's.
- shane cLv 51 decade ago
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- 1 decade ago
Britain claimed it their own in 1770(James Cook)
- iansandLv 71 decade ago
The Aborigines, about 50,000 years ago.
- jaspers momLv 51 decade ago