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Taz asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

Which class of Russians opposed Stalin’s agricultural policies and what happened to them?

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    None of the peasants liked his policy of collectivization of agriculture. It violated the early promise of the Bolsheviks that the land would belong to the peasants. Now it belonged to the state.

    Some peasants were more prosperous than others. This was as true in Russia as it was elsewhere in Europe. Stalin identified these prosperous peasants as "kulaks" and made them enemies of the people. They had a vicious propaganda campaign issued against them, and many were arrested for show trials and then executed or sent into the gulags.

    But the Ukraine was especially resistant. The Ukrainians were ethnically different than the majority Russians; they had a Cossack tradition of independence. Stalin sealed off the borders of the Ukraine and seized all the grain they grew. He exported it for hard currency (since the ruble was worthless on the world market) so he could have money to build up the military. When rumors of famine came out of the Ukraine, the Russians brushed aside these rumors by pointing to the grain exports, claiming that obviously there is no famine since we are exporting so much grain. But Stalin continued to steal all the grain from the Ukraine. The result was that some 5-7 million people were deliberately starved to death. This information was broadcast in a history documentary produced by public televison and the Russian historian Edvard Radzhinsky confirms it.

    Source(s): Friendly guy
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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    The rural farmers who were threatened by starvation during the collectivization phase. Usually if they were caught protesting or hoarding, they were shipped off to the Gulag and never seen again.

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  • 1 decade ago

    "Stalin's desire to modernise agriculture led him to collectivise the farms, amalgamating them and putting them totally under state control."

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    big farmers opposed and they were killed in prison camps

    (gulags)

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    кулаки [kulaki]

    Rich farmers opposed collectivization, and were sent into exile in Siberia.

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