Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Politics & GovernmentMilitary · 1 decade ago

a "proxy war" with Iran, wasnt the same while Saddam in Iraq.?

THE UNITED STATES AND THE IRAN-IRAQ WAR

STEPHEN R. SHALOM

The war between Iran and Iraq was one of the great human tragedies of recent Middle Eastern history. Perhaps as many as a million people died, many more were wounded, and millions were made refugees. The resources wasted on the war exceeded what the entire Third World spent on public health in a decade.<1>

The war began on September 22, 1980, when Iraqi troops launched a full-scale invasion of Iran. Prior to this date there had been subversion by each country inside the other and also major border clashes. Iraq hoped for a lightning victory against an internationally isolated neighbor in the throes of revolutionary upheaval. But despite Iraq's initial successes, the Iranians rallied and, using their much larger population, were able by mid-1982 to push the invaders out. In June 1982, the Iranians went over to the offensive, but Iraq, with a significant advantage in heavy weaponry, was able to prevent a decisive Iranian breakthrough. The guns finally fell silent on August 20, 1988.

Primary responsibility for the eight long years of bloodletting must rest with the governments of the two countries -- the ruthless military regime of Saddam Hussein in Iraq and the ruthless clerical regime of the Ayatollah Khomeini in Iran. Khomeini was said by some to have a "martyr complex," though, as U.S. Secretary of State Cyrus Vance wryly observed, people with martyr complexes rarely live to be as old as Khomeini. Whatever his complexes, Khomeini had no qualms about sending his followers, including young boys, off to their deaths for his greater glory. This callous disregard for human life was no less characteristic of Saddam Hussein. And, for that matter, it was also no less characteristic of much of the world community, which not only couldn't be bothered by a few hundred thousand Third World corpses, but tried to profit from the conflict.

France became the major source of Iraq's high-tech weaponry, in no small part to protect its financial stake in that country.<2> The Soviet Union was Iraq's largest weapon's supplier, while jockeying for influence in both capitals. Israel provided arms to Iran, hoping to bleed the combatants by prolonging the war. And at least ten nations sold arms to both of the warring sides.<3>

The list of countries engaging in despicable behavior, however, would be incomplete without the United States. The U.S. objective was not profits from the arms trade, but the much more significant aim of controlling to the greatest extent possible the region's oil resources. Before turning to U.S. policy during the Iran-Iraq war, it will be useful to recall some of the history of the U.S. and oil.

3 Answers

Relevance
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    It seems "GunnyC" is joking!

    Who said Russia(USSR) supported Iran during the Iran Iraq war!?

    here is a list of countries which supported Iraq during the war(listed in two parts America and other countries) :

    1-USA:

    Index of American Companies (and international companies with U.S. affiliates):

    AT&T

    AL HADDAD ENTERPRISES, INC.

    ALCOLAC INTERNATIONAL

    AMERICAN TYPE CULTURE COLLECTION

    ASSOCIATED INSTRUMENTS DISTRIBUTORS, INC.

    AXEL ELECTRONICS

    BANCA NAZIONALE DEL LAVORO

    BECHTEL GROUP

    BREEZEVALE, INC.

    CANBERRA INDUSTRIES

    CARL SCHENCK AG

    CARL ZEISS

    CATERPILLAR, INC.

    COMTEC INTERNATIONAL, INC.

    CONSARC

    COPELAND INTERNATIONAL, INC.

    DATA GENERAL CORP

    DEKTOR COUNTERINTELLIGENCE AND SECURITY, INC.

    DOW CHEMICAL

    DRESSER CONSTRUCTION AND EQUIPMENT

    DUPONT

    E G & G PRINCETON APPLIED RESEARCH

    EASTMAN KODAK CO.

    ELECTRONICS ASSOCIATES, INC.

    ENTRADE INTERNATIONAL, LTD.

    EVAPCO

    FINNIGAN MAT US

    FOXBORO COMPANY

    GERBER SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY

    GORMAN-RUPP

    HARDINGE BROTHERS

    HEWLETT-PACKARD

    HIPOTRONICS

    HONEYWELL

    HUGHES HELICOPTER

    IBM

    INTERNATIONAL IMAGING SYSTEMS

    INTERNATIONAL SIGNAL AND CONTROL

    IONICS

    KENNAMETAL, INC.

    LEYBOLD VACUUM SYSTEMS

    LINCOLN ELECTRIC CO.

    LITTON INDUSTRIES

    LUMMUS CREST, INC.

    MBB HELICOPTER CORP.

    MACK TRUCKS, INC.

    MAHO AG

    MATRIX CHURCHILL CORP.

    McNEIL AKRON, INC.

    MEMPHIS INTERNATIONAL, INC.

    MILLER ELECTRIC

    MOUSE MASTER

    NCR CORPORATION

    NRM CORP.

    NORWALK CO.

    NU KRAFT MERCANTILE CORP.

    PERKIN-ELMER CORP.

    PHILLIPS EXPORT

    POSI SEAL, INC.

    PRESRAY CORP.

    PURE AIRE

    REDLAKE IMAGING CORP.

    REXON TECHNOLOGY CORP.

    ROCKWELL INTERNATIONAL CORP.

    ROTEC INDUSTRIES, INC.

    SACKMAN ASSOCIATES

    SCIENTIFIC ATLANTA

    SCIENTIFIC DESIGN CO., INC.

    SEMETEX

    SERVAAS, INC.

    SIEMENS CORP.

    SIP CORP.

    SPECTRAL DATA CORP.

    SPECTRA PHYSICS

    SPERRY CORP.

    SULLAIRE CORP.

    SWISSCO MANAGEMENT GROUP, INC.

    TECHNICAL COMMUNICATIONS CORP.

    TEKTRONIX

    TELEDYNE WAH CHANG

    THERMO JARRELL ASH CORP.

    TI COATING

    TRADING AND INVESTMENT CORP.

    UNION CARBIDE

    UNISYS CORP.

    VEECO INSTRUMENTS, INC.

    WILD MAGNAVOX SATELLITE SURVEY

    WILTRON

    XYZ OPTIONS, INC.

    YORK INTERNATIONAL CORP.

    ZETA LABORATORIES

    Index of U.S. Government Agencies:

    CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION

    CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY

    DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

    DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

    DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

    DEPARTMENT OF STATE

    NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL

    U.S. NUCLEAR WEAPONS LABORATORIES

    2-other countries:

    USSR/RUSSIA: 6

    AUSTRIA: 3

    BELGIUM: 7

    CHINA: 3

    EGYPT: 1

    FRANCE: 9

    GERMANY: 18

    GREAT BRITAIN: 24

    INDIA: 1

    JAPAN: 5

    LUXEMBOURG: 1

    NETHERLANDS: 3

    PORTUGAL: 1

    SINGAPORE: 1

    SPAIN: 3

    SWEDEN: 2

    SWITZERLAND: 7

    note1:As you see Russia(USSR) supported Iraq NOT Iran.

    note 2:the list above is from www.laweekly.com and it's not complete.Number of Iraq supporters had been more than this and this list ignored many of them specially Arabic countries such as:Saudi Arabia,United Arab Emirates,Kuwait,

    Jordan,Egypt,Tunisia,Sudan,Morocco,Yemen,etc.

    As you see this war was something more than a proxy war,It sounds like world war 3,or if I say better it sounds like all the world against one country-Iran.

    Or as imam Khomeini said:"It was war between all of ATHEISM and all of ISLAM."

    • Login to reply the answers
  • GunnyC
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    Don't see a question but while you are so upset about the U.S. involvement-why not the Russian and French. We used the Iraqi's then to contain the Iranians and yes we armed them and the Russians were hoping to spread their influence and armed the Iranians. A proxy war between the U.S. and Russia more then about the oil; the Cold War was still in full swing and the U.S. was opposed by Russia. From the article the only country listed that had purely financial motives in it appear to be the French.

    • Login to reply the answers
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    72 interventions in 60 years and USA are a peaceful Country?

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kwUSCEhzTZA

    Youtube thumbnail

    • Login to reply the answers
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.