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蘋果 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文問題,based on 的意思是--根據....,但”

based on 的意思是--根據....,但"base"本身為根據的意思且為名詞,但為何在此片語base要加上"d",請問是為何??

The husband was found to have poisned his wife by design.

此句中,"poisoned"原為"poison",且"poison"為名詞,但為何此處要加上"ed"?

4 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    based在此是形容詞,不是名詞,也不是動詞。

    用法是based (on sth),原義是if one thing is based on another, it uses it or is developed from it。中文常翻成「植基於;根據;以~為基礎」看例句:

    The movie is based on a real-life incident. 這部電影係基於真實事件改編。

    The report is based on figures from six different European cities.這篇報告係根據6個不同歐洲國家的數據。

    第二個問題:The husband was found to have poisned his wife by design

    to have poisned his wife by design.這個不定詞片語,是find(句中found)的受詞,作主詞husband的補語,補充說明其被find了些什麼。

    Husband被發現,用被動式;過去被發現,所以用過去式。

    而poison在此是動詞,用法poison sb (with sth),就是以~毒害某人。在原始句中,應是husband had poisoned his wife.(發生於被發現之前,所以用過去完成式),因在不定詞片語中,故還原成現在完成式,以have poisoned呈現。

    這樣瞭解了嗎?

    參考參考囉

    Source(s): Translation experience
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  • 行竹
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago

    based on 的意思是--根據....,但"base"本身為根據的意思且為名詞,但為何在此片語base要加上"d",請問是為何??

    The husband was found to have poisoned his wife by design.

    此句中,"poisoned"原為"poison",且"poison"為名詞,但為何此處要加上"ed"?

    1. base 可當名詞.

    a. There is an air base near my house. 我家附近有座空軍基地.

    2. base 也可當動詞使用.想表達把A寄託在B身上時,或是A以B作為依據時, 可用

    base A on B的句型.

    a. He based on his hopes on the lottery and got nothing.他把希望寄託在那張彩卷上,結果什麼也沒得到. 事情發生在過去,故用過去式動詞based.

    3. 把base A on B的句型用在被動式時,句型要改成 A be V. based on B

    a. The story is based on his daily life. 這故事是依據它的日常生活寫成的.

    4. base可當形容詞.

    a. I don’t like his base behavior. 我不喜歡他卑劣的行為.

    4. poison除了可當名詞外,它還可以當動詞,形容詞.

    a. They poisoned the rats with poison. 他們用毒藥毒死老鼠. 前者為動詞,後者為名詞.

    b. The air is full of poison gas.空氣中彌漫著毒氣. 在此當形容詞用.

    5. 在The husband was found to have poisoned his wife by design.句中:

    a. poison 當動詞用,又因為動作已經完成,故用完成式.

    b. 完成式的句型是have 過去分詞, have poisoned表示已經毒死了.

    2007-09-19 23:38:43 補充:

    2. a. 中,紅字based後面的on請去掉.

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  • 1 decade ago

    base 加上"d", 形成base的過去式及過去分詞 而過去分詞 可當形容詞

    be based on 是完整的片語 因為用be動詞 所以後面要加形容詞 所以要用based

    For example, The moive is based on a true story.

    The husband was found to have poisoned his wife by design.

    Have + 動詞過去分詞 = 現在完成式

    所以poison要加ed

    你必須加強你的時態觀念

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  • 栗子
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago

    base不是只有"名詞"這個詞性,他還有動詞的用法

    當他為動詞時就需要依造規則來做改變了!

    vt. (及物動詞 transitive verb)

    把...放在基座上

    把...建立在某種基礎上

    This play is based on a true story.

    這齣戲以真事為基礎。

    以...為基地

    以...為起點

    poison也是有動詞的用法,意思如下

    vt. (及物動詞 transitive verb)

    使中毒;毒死;放毒於

    The natives use poisoned arrows to kill big game.

    土著用毒箭射殺大獵物。

    污染

    Industrial wastes have poisoned the river.

    工業廢棄物污染了這條河。

    毒害;敗壞;玷污;破壞

    Jealousy poisoned their friendship.

    嫉妒破壞了他們的友誼。

    阻礙,抑制

    vi. (不及物動詞 intransitive verb)

    放毒,下毒

    因為你那句是完成式的用法,所以需要變成p.p.(過去分詞)

    poison的過去分詞就是加上ed

    Source(s): 奇摩字典+自己
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