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殘月 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

有關英文句子的解析

I think he intensionally missed the bus so he wouldn't have to go to work.

可以幫我分析一下句子組成的文法結構嗎?

2 Answers

Rating
  • Kevin
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    版主您好:

    或許您已經知道這句話的含意, 不過為了與稍後的說明作對照, 在下還是把它寫出來, 取得共識.

    I think he intentionally missed the bus so he wouldn't have to go to work.

    我認為他是故意錯過班車, 以(達到)不必上班(的目的).

    原句的完整寫法是:

    I think (that) he intentionally missed the bus so (that) he wouldn't have to go to work.

    主詞: I

    動詞: think

    第一個[that](連接詞)引導名詞子句:[he intentionally missed the bus so (that) he wouldn't have to go to work], 整個名詞子句當[think]的受詞.

    而這個名詞子句本身仍然是複句:

    主要子句:

    [he intentionally missed the bus]

    從屬子句(表"目的", 當副詞子句):(不是對等子句)

    [he wouldn't have to go to work]

    而[so (that)]則是引導副詞子句的從屬連接詞.

    所以整體結構是:

    I think (that) [he intentionally missed the bus so (that) he wouldn't have to go to work].

    也可以這麼寫:

    I think (that) he intentionally missed the bus (in order) that he wouldn't have to go to work.

    為什麼要強調"不是對等子句"呢?

    [so (that)]當對等連接詞時, 是表示[結果], 而非[目的]; 另外, 它前面必須要有逗號",".

    原句如果在[so (that)]前面加上逗號:

    I think he intentionally missed the bus, so he wouldn't have to go to work.

    我認為他是故意錯過班車, 所以他可以不必上班.

    (即使是中文, 語意都不通順, 更別說英文了)

    這樣的句子就合理:

    He missed the bus, so (that) he couldn't go to work on time.

    他錯過了班車, 所以無法準時上班.

    如果不加逗號, 變成:

    He missed the bus so (that) he couldn't go to work on time.

    他錯過班車, 以達到不能準時上班的目的.

    語意完全不同.

  • 1 decade ago

    I think he intensionally missed the bus so he wouldn't have to go to work.

    主詞I + 動詞 think (省略that) + 名詞子句he intentionally missed the bus + 對等連接詞 so + 名詞子句 he wouldn’t have to go to work

    副詞intensionally 應為 intentionally,用來修飾動詞 missed

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