The discovery that the electron was a subatomic particle was made in 1897 by J.J. Thomson at the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge University, while he was studying cathode ray tubes. A cathode ray tube is a sealed glass cylinder in which two electrodes are separated by a vacuum. When a voltage is applied across the electrodes, cathode rays are generated, causing the tube to glow. Through experimentation, Thomson discovered that the negative charge could not be separated from the rays (by the application of magnetism), and that the rays could be deflected by an electric field. He concluded that these rays, rather than being waves, were composed of negatively charged particles he called "corpuscles". He measured their mass-to-charge ratio and found it to be over a thousand times smaller than that of a hydrogen ion, suggesting that they were either very highly charged or very small in mass. Later experiments by other scientists upheld the latter conclusion. Their mass-to-charge ratio was also independent of the choice of cathode material and the gas originally on vacuum tube. This led Thomson to conclude that they were universal among all materials.
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Electron or any other particle of the materia is (my opinion) only imagination support for the material thought borned out of materia. Source of the materia is irational and does not relates neither to lightwawes. Lucifer (light dispatcher) wants to destroy his jail (and his liberation oportunity), and when learnes once, how to do that, destroyes, and recognises , that has destroyed H I M S E L F. All the sand in the seas and grass on the earth cannot count earth years to that time, but it is shure, that it will happen. To make difference between light and materia is so difficult, as make difference between flora and fauna. allways there will be creatures, which relates to both worlds.
The nickel-crystal experiment gave evidence of its wave characteristics by showing that it has a scattering spectrum like a wave. There are any number of experiments which exhibit its particle characteristics. Look up wave-particle duality and deBroglies wavelength equations.
electrons ARE particles that MOVE in waves
BON LAVDON is an idiot. Opinions through ignorance do not yield intelligence. bonny, I think you have spent too much time playing Final Fantasy.
electron -a wave or a particle????????
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