Perhaps the quickest way of finding this is looking at Science Magazine's "Breakthough of the Year". They list the top breakthrough and 9 runners up. Here's the list since 1994 from Wikipedia--you're going to have to do a search for Science + "Breakthrough of the Year" + the breakthrough in question +1994, etc. for each year--otherwise there's not enough detail. Hopefully you can get the entire list of 10 by doing that.
# 1994 DNA repair enzyme
# 1995 Bose–Einstein condensate
# 1996 understanding HIV
# 1997 Dolly the sheep, the first mammal to be cloned from adult cells
# 1998 the accelerating universe, dark matter
# 1999 capturing the promise of youth with stem cells
# 2000 genomics
# 2001 nanocircuits or molecular circuit
# 2002 small RNAs
# 2003 dark energy
# 2004 Mars
# 2005 evolution in action
# 2006 proof of the Poincaré conjecture
Here's more detail for 2006:
The other 9 breakthroughs:
"Pulling DNA out of fossils. Using new techniques for analysing DNA, researchers captured genetic information from Neanderthal and mammoth fossils.
Shrinking ice sheets. Researchers discovered a very worrying trend this year. The Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets are losing ice at faster and faster rates.
Fishy first steps. The discovery of a fossil fish with sturdy, jointed fins made a big splash in 2006. This fish is the closest known relative of vertebrates with legs. It provides a window into how life left the oceans and started crawling and walking on land.
The science of invisibility. It looks nothing like Harry Potter’s magical cape. But the invisibility cloak that scientists developed this year is the first rudimentary device for shielding objects from view. The device guides microwaves around an object so that it produces no reflection and no shadow.
Hope for macular degeneration patients. Researchers who study vision loss showed that the drug ranibimuzab improves vision in some patients. They identified several genes that affect a person’s chance of getting the disease.
How biodiversity happens. Beach mice, fruit flies, butterflies – a variety of animals helped scientists uncover genetic changes that lead to evolution of new species.
New frontiers in microscopy. Biologists used new microscope techniques to see details smaller than 200 nanometres. This gives a clearer view of the fine structure of cells and proteins.
Making memories. Several discoveries in 2006 brought scientists closer to understanding how the brain records new memories.
New class of small RNAs. Scientists discovered a new class of small RNA molecules that shut down gene expression.
Breakdown of the year – scientific fraud. Woo Suk Hwang and his colleagues published two papers in Science in 2006 that seemed to be a huge breakthrough in stem cell research. But they were a fraud. "
So you can see there's a ton of info in here--this is just 2006, but a lot of really cool stuff. I would track down some more, but this answer is long enough...
OK, Here's 2005:
· 1 decade ago