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ㄚ榮 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請問effective和efficient之間的差異

請問effective和efficient之間的差異,查了字典都沒有很滿意的解釋,求求善心人士的解答!謝謝!

5 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    effective是形容詞,由effect(效果)名詞演化來,其動詞為affect(影響),所以形容詞effective譯為有效的;efficient譯為有效率的。

    差別在於念書時如果一直發呆,雖然有念到一些,但是一小時只念了兩頁,雖然有念有效但是效率極低;再舉一個例子,用燃燒氫氣發電和使用氫氧電池轉換都可以有效地將化學能轉換成電能,但是氫氧電池轉換效率較高,也就是說在轉換的能量損失上相對較少(以水的莫耳生成熱來看)。

  • 1 decade ago

    最簡單的分法

    effective是有效"果"的 比較著重成效方面

    efficient是有效"率"的 比較著重時間方面

    Source(s): 自己
  • 智仁
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    有例句可幫助理解(雖然是直抄)。

    effective

    (a.)

    1. 有效的[( against/in)][ to-v]

    Window screens are effective in keeping out mosquitoes.

    紗窗能有效地擋住蚊子。

    2. (法律等)生效的,起作用的[Z]

    A bill passed by congress becomes effective as soon as the President signs it.國會通過的法案一經總統簽署立即生效。

    3. 給人深刻印象的,有力的

    That's rather an effective use of color.

    那樣使用顏色效果甚佳。

    4. 實際的,事實上的[Z]

    Although there is a parliament, the army is in effective control of the country.雖然有議會存在,但軍隊實際上控制著這個國家。

    5. 有戰鬥力的[Z]

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------

    efficient

    (a.)

    1. 效率高的;有能力的,能勝任的[( in)]

    He is an efficient manager.

    他是一位辦事效率高的經理。

    2. (直接)生效的;有效的;收效大的

    It is not efficient to hire poorly trained workers.

    雇用未經嚴格訓練的工人會妨礙工作效率。

    -----------------------------------------------------------------

    雖然通通都是指有效的,但efficient是重「高效率」的。

    Source(s): Dr.eye即時辭典
  • Zippi
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago

    You need a good synonym dictionary. Pls go to your nearest bookstore. My favorite is Webster's, though.

  • 1 decade ago

    effective是effect=影響的形容詞可解釋成 有影響的 有效的 efficient是形容詞解釋成 有效率的

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