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What was Peru during the mid-1300's?
- JVHawai'iLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
It was part of the Incan Empire - - -
gonna go with links and a few words
""The Inca, sometimes called peoples of the sun, were originally a warlike tribe living in a semiarid region of the southern sierra. From 1100 to 1300 the Inca moved north into the fertile Cusco Valley. From there they overran the neighboring lands."""
""""""The Sican culture flourished from approximately AD 800-1300, one of several metalworking societies which succumbed to drought and conquest.
Archaeologists working on the project say the find will help them understand details of the culture.
It is a religious city, a sacred settlement, and at each excavation site is a cemetery," Izumi Shimada told Peru's El Comercio newspaper.
"That tells us that Sican was a very organised society."
Professor Shimada, based at the University of Southern Illinois in the US, has been excavating Sican sites for a quarter of a century. The latest dig was performed in conjunction with the Sican National Museum.
The burial site sits on Peru's northern coast, near the town of Ferrenafe.
Discoveries in the tomb complex include tumis formed from an alloy of silver, copper and gold; masks, breastplates and ceramics. """""
""A big part of Peru's history is in the Incas. The Incas are a native tribe in Peru. Inca means "Children of the sun." They lived from 110 AD to 1300 AD. Men stood 5 foot 3 inches and women stood a little under 5 feet. They had copper black skin, black eyes, and thick hair. Did you know that when the Spanish invaded Peru, the area became the richest and most powerful country in South America? I think that’s cool."""
- Sergio__Lv 71 decade ago
That was like 200 years before the arrival of the Spaniards. By that time Peru was part of the Empire named Tahuantinsuyu [Ta-wan-teen-soo-yoo], also known as the Incan Empire (because it was ruled by the Inca). The capital of this empire happened to be in Cusco, Peru. It was basically a militaristic-agricultural civilization.
By that time the other civilizations or tribes (like Nazca, Chimu, Mochica, etc.) were already absorbed by this big empire.
The only region that remained untouched by the Incan Empire was the Peruvian rain forest, since it wasn't convenient for the Incas to try to settle in such a hostile territory. There were many tribes in the rain forest, many of them have already disappered. One of the most famous ones was the Chachapoyas civilization, whose mst famous remains can be found in the ol citadel of Kuelap.Source(s): I'm from Peru
- sparks9653Lv 61 decade ago
Evidence of settlement in Peru dates back thousands of years but, except for some scattered ruins, little is known of these early peoples. In about 1250 BC groups such as the Chavín, Chimú, Nazca, and Tiahuanaco migrated into the region from the north. The Chimú built the city of Chan Chan about AD 1000, ruins of which remain today.
The Inca, sometimes called peoples of the sun, were originally a warlike tribe living in a semiarid region of the southern sierra. From 1100 to 1300 the Inca moved north into the fertile Cusco Valley. From there they overran the neighboring lands. By 1500 the Inca Empire stretched from the Pacific Ocean east to the sources of the Paraguay and Amazon rivers and from the region of modern Quito in Ecuador south to the Maule River in Chile. This vast empire was a theocracy, organized along socialistic lines and ruled by an Inca, or emperor, who was worshiped as a divinity. Because the Inca realm contained extensive deposits of gold and silver, it became in the early 16th century a target of Spanish imperial ambitions in the Americas.
In November 1995 anthropologists announced the discovery of the 500-year-old remains of two Inca women and one Inca man frozen in the snow on a mountain peak in Peru. Scientists concluded that the trio were part of a human sacrifice ritual on Ampato, a sacred peak in the Andes mountain range. Artifacts from the find unveiled new information about the Inca and indicated the use of poles and tents rather than traditional stone structures. The arrangement of doll-size statuettes dressed in feathers and fine woolens provided clues about Inca religious and sacrificial practices.
In 1532 the Spanish soldier and adventurer Francisco Pizarro landed in Peru with a force of about 180 men. Conditions were favorable to conquest, for the empire was debilitated by a just-concluded civil war between the heirs to the Inca throne, Atahualpa and Huascar, each of whom was seeking to control the empire. This internal dissension, plus the terror inspired by Spanish guns and horses—unknown to the indigenous peoples until then—made it relatively easy for only a handful of Spaniards to conquer this vast empire.
The Spaniards met Atahualpa, the victor in the civil war, and his army at a prearranged conference at Cajamarca in 1532. When Atahualpa arrived, the Spaniards ambushed and seized him, and killed thousands of his followers. Although Atahualpa paid the most fabulous ransom known to history—a room full of gold and another full of silver—for his freedom, the Spaniards murdered him in 1533.
The Spanish destroyed many of the irrigation projects and the north-south roads that had knit the empire together, speeding the disintegration of the empire. By November 1533 Cuzco had fallen with little resistance. In addition, the indigenous population declined rapidly as a result of new diseases brought by the Spaniards, diseases to which the Inca had no immunity. Members of the Inca dynasty took refuge in the mountains and were able to resist the Spaniards for about four decades. However, by 1572 the Spaniards had executed the last Inca ruler, Tupac Amaru, along with his advisers and his family.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
interesting question. I believe it was still tribal peoples -- the Incas, other Indian groups, etc. I don't think the first Conquistadors came until the late 1400's. So I'm sure it wasn't known as "Peru" yet. It was just virgin land.