綠茶 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

有關於英文中完成式的問題〈have的用法〉

我真的對完成式感到很疑惑。

可不可以請對這問題有相當了解的人,用淺顯易懂的方式告訴我。

我先貼一段文章,這是EZ TALK的其中一小段

Paul: These rides are fantastic!

Wei: I know. That last one was a blast!

Paul: Good thing we haven't eaten anything.

Wei: You're right. I would throw up.

Paul: Hey. I just noticed something. It seems awfully quiet.

Wei: Yeah. Hey, I know. Where's Trev?

Paul: That's it. Trev's missing. Where could he be?

Wei: Maybe he went on a ride by himself.

Paul: It's weird. He was just here. Let's have them call him over the PA system.

首先看到Good thing we haven't eaten anything.這句,我實在很疑惑,那不可以用Good thing we didn't eat anything.嗎?

我何時該用have呢?

下一句,Let's have them call him over the PA system.這個have到底是什麼意思啊,我知道整句是「我們去廣撥處用廣撥找他吧」

請為我指導

Update:

順道一提,這篇是描述三個好友去遊樂園玩雲宵飛車。

Update 2:

所以have有許多種用法〈筆記〉,

那有哪些用法呢?可以幫我列舉一下嗎?

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    完成式用法(何時該用have)

    have /has p.p. 後面有兩種用法 : 1. for 一段時間

    2. since 過去式

    完成式的意思是說, 從過去到現在的這一段時間

    Good thing we haven't eaten anything.這句可以想成: It's good that we haven't eaten anything. 是說: 還好我們還沒吃任何東西

    Let's have them call him over the PA system.這個have是使役動詞, 使.要求.要 的意思

    Source(s): 我自己
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  • 1 decade ago

    have的用法補充:

    have當助動詞時v.aux

    1. (加過去分詞,構成完成時態)已經;曾經---公式:have+p.p(過去分詞)

    They haven't finished the job yet.

    他們尚未完成該項工作。

    2. (用於假設語氣,表示與過去事實相反的假設)(假如那時)...的話

    She might have come if she hadn't been so busy.

    當時若不是那麼忙,她是可能來的。

    vt.

    1. 有,擁有[W](當「有」解釋時,沒有進行式用法)

    This coat has no pockets.

    這件衣服沒有口袋。

    2. 懷有,持有[W]

    Many people have doubts about the new project.

    許多人對這項新工程有懷疑。

    3. 體驗;經驗;患[W]

    We had a wonderful time on the beach.

    我們在海灘上玩得好極了。

    4. 拿;得到,取得[W]

    We gave him a present, but he wouldn't have it.

    我們給他一件禮物,但他不肯接受。

    5. 進行,從事(某事)

    The manager is having a meeting.

    經理正在開會。

    We had some guests for dinner last night.

    我們昨晚請了幾位客人吃飯。

    8. (用於否定句中)容忍;允許[O4]

    I won't have anyone smoking in here.

    我不容許任何人在這裡抽煙。

    9. 生得,生育

    My wife is going to have a baby.

    我妻子快要生孩子了。

    10. 使,讓;招致[O7][O8]have+無生命物體+p.p(過去分詞)

    Pa's had his hands burned.

    爸的手給燙傷了。

    I've had the stove lighted.

    我已經讓人把爐子點著了。

    11. 要;叫;使[O3][O4]have(當使役動詞)+人+原形動詞

    I'll be proud to have you read it.

    你肯讀它我會感到驕傲的。

    12. 必須,不得不[+to-v(原形動詞)]

    I have to go right now.

    我馬上得走。

    13. 【俚】哄騙,欺騙[H]

    They were had in that deal.

    他們在那筆生意上受了騙。

    14. 明白,懂得[W]

    I guess I have your ideas.

    我想我明白你的意思。

    15. 【俚】與(女人)性交

    n.

    1. 富人;富國[the P]

    The gap between the haves and the have-nots is widening.

    貧富之間的差距在擴大。

    We had some guests for dinner last night.

    我們昨晚請了幾位客人吃飯。

    8. (用於否定句中)容忍;允許[O4]

    I won't have anyone smoking in here.

    我不容許任何人在這裡抽煙。

    9. 生得,生育

    My wife is going to have a baby.

    我妻子快要生孩子了。

    10. 使,讓;招致[O7][O8]

    Pa's had his hands burned.

    爸的手給燙傷了。

    I've had the stove lighted.

    我已經讓人把爐子點著了。

    11. 要;叫;使[O3][O4]

    I'll be proud to have you read it.

    你肯讀它我會感到驕傲的。

    12. 必須,不得不[+to-v]

    I have to go right now.

    我馬上得走。

    13. 【俚】哄騙,欺騙[H]

    They were had in that deal.

    他們在那筆生意上受了騙。

    14. 明白,懂得[W]

    I guess I have your ideas.

    我想我明白你的意思。

    15. 【俚】與(女人)性交

    n.

    1. 富人;富國[the P]

    The gap between the haves and the have-nots is widening.

    貧富之間的差距在擴大。

    Source(s): 自己+字典
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