Can a 1099 Contractor Collect Unemployment?

I understand that employers do not pay Federal Income taxes for their 1099 contracted employees; does this mean that I cannot collect unemployment if I need it?

My last contracted work was a six month contract in the state of California.
Update: This six month project was my very first 1099 contract. I havn't paid my own taxes as of yet. I know it's something I should have done quarterly and I still need to take care of it this year. Sounds like I am inelligible huh?
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