犯罪心理學 - Labelling perspective & law-violating behaviour
How does the labelling perspective sugguest that official labelling affects crime and delinquency?
What does the above perspective contribute to our understanding of law-violating behaviour?
- ?Lv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
1. 無可否認, 有些人因忿恨 being labelled 被標籤, 而做出一些不合法
甚至在政府大樓放火..等。但這主因不是 being labelled 而是那些人的
反之, 更多人努力奮鬥, 不想被「看扁」。
behavior 乃由 labelling 引起或其他因由, 但傳謀---如电
前新聞twins 阿嬌被偷拍換衣服, 近日狗仔隊狂追查肥肥
「鬆」不是好用詞。應是 The standard is not strict enough.
Sometimes, the young citizens think this kind of behavior
is correct. Then, in the future, more law-violating behaviour
comes out because of the changing value.
Crime is mainly hereditary and partly environmental.
The genetic cause of crime is unknown for most administrators.
Inspite over forty years of study, the hereditary reasons of crime
is yet to penetrate most of the books of conventional criminology.
High rates of criminality tend to run in families. The persons who
frequently commit the most serious crimes typically begin their c
riminal careers at a quite young age. Persons who turn out to be criminals
usually do not do very well in school. Programmes designed to
rehabilitate high-rate offenders have not been shown to have much success,
and those programmes that do manage to reduce criminality among certain
kinds of offenders often increase it among others.
Many children may attend bad schools, but only a small minority
become serious criminals… Economic crime rates were lower in the great
Depression than during the prosperous years of the 1960s …
The sentences given by judges may affect the crime rate, but we are
struck by the fact that the most serious criminals begin offending at a
very early age--long before they encounter, or probably even hear of,
judges…. High crime rates can be found in socialist as well as capitalist nations,
and some capitalist nations, such as Japan and Switzerland, have very little
crime… Crime existed abundantly long before the advent of television and
would continue long after any hint of violence was expunged from TV
Programme…….. All blacks suffer from racism, yet relatively few blacks
become high rate offenders.
There is no “crime gene” and so there is no such thing as a “born criminal”
but some traits that are to a degree heritable, such as intelligence and
temperament, affect to some extent the likelihood that such individuals will
engage in criminal activities……..We believe that criminal behaviour, like all
human behaviour, results from a complex interaction of genetic and
All of us had the experience of feeling hostile, angry, or excited after seeing a
motion picture or television programme that portrayed either violence or some
obvious injustice that seemed to require violent retribution. But few of us are then
immediately confronted with a chance to punch a doll, administer a “shock”
or start a fight. Instead, we are usually compounded with the need to wash the
dishes, catch bus, or do our homework. By the time we have a chance to act
violently, the excitement is gone, the anger subdued, and our time horizon
lengthened.Source(s): self + net