有誰可告訴我這題英文文法怎麼解

During their search, the officers found several files( ) proof that the chairman was guilty.

a. to contain

b. contained

c. containing

d.were contained

為什麼答案是C,明明是過去式,怎會用動名詞?

Update:

☆請注意 files後面是括弧,應填空的地方

7 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    1. During their search, the officers found several files which contained proof that the chairman was guilty.

    在他們搜尋期間,警員發現一些[含有主席犯罪證據的]檔案。

    若關係代名詞which省略,主動動詞則需要成為Ving,換言之,就是先將contained變成原形contain,然後再加上ing,成containing。

    所以句子便成了:

    During their search, the officers found several files containing proof that the chairman was guilty.

    2.During their search, the officers found several files which were contained proof that the chairman was guilty.

    在他們搜尋期間,警員發現一些[被含有主席犯罪證據的]檔案。

    若關係代名詞which省略,而動詞是被動語態(beV + 過去分詞)時,be動詞要跟著省略,但保留後面的過去分詞的動詞.(不是過去式,是過去分詞。)

    因此句子便成了:

    During their search, the officers found several files contained proof that the chairman was guilty.

    從上述兩句的語意中,我們可以知道檔案[包含證據]而非[被包含證據],因此,這題答案應選擇containing

    另外,

    若the officers found several files contained proof that the chairman was guilty.

    則這個句子有含有兩個以上的動詞found、contained和was

    當一個句子有兩個動詞,基本上,都會用連接詞或不定詞來隔開兩個動詞。

    在這個句子中使用關係代名詞which(或者稱從屬連接詞)來引導一個形容詞子句which contain proof,而關係代名詞that引導另一個形容詞子句that the chairman was guilty.

    就如同上述的,當形容詞子句的主詞關係代名詞which一旦省略,其主動動詞則需要成為Ving,成containing。

    所以答案是containing,而contained不合語意也不合文法。

    就這樣子囉!!

    2007-08-02 01:03:08 補充:

    若the officers found several files contained proof that the chairman was guilty.

    則這個句子有含有兩個以上的動詞found、contained(過去式)

    和was.

    2007-08-02 01:03:50 補充:

    contained不合語意也不合文法

  • 1 decade ago

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  • 1 decade ago

    原句可寫成如下

    During their search, the officers found several files,

    those files contain proof that the chairman was guilty.

    這裡用簡單現在式表明事實。

    如改成which子句為

    During their search, the officers found several files,

    which contain proof that the chairman was guilty.

    再改成現在分詞片語有主動意味

    During their search, the officers found several files

    containing proof that the chairman was guilty.

    如用contained 過去分詞片語就有被動意味就不對了。

    如像 I found a book written in Latin. 此時written 過去分詞片語有被動意思

    Source(s): personal opinion
  • 1 decade ago

    因為已經有一個found的動詞了

    所以contain要變成分詞

    主動用ing

    被動用p.p.

    Source(s): 自已
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  • 1 decade ago

    從( )到句尾的這一句話是files的同位詞,files是名詞,他的同位詞當然也是名詞,所以後面這句是名詞子句:which contains proof that the chairman was quilty. 如果要把動詞 contain取代which當主詞,那就要用動名詞 containing,所以答案是C。

    如果要選B的話,他也不是過去式,而是過去分詞,而且過去分詞是要去形容files這個字的,要加個介係詞,用contained with才對,整句話就是:During their search, the officers found several files contained with proof that the chairman was quilty.

    2007-08-01 23:00:22 補充:

    對不起 第二行應該是 which contain proof that the chairman was quilty

    (因為files是複數)

    Source(s): 自己
  • 1 decade ago

    原句應為

    During their search, the officers found several files which contain proof that the chairman was guilty.

    答案(C) containing---是省略了關係代名詞which

    因此動詞 contain就要改為 containing--現在分詞修飾 files

    希望這樣得回答你能滿意

  • 1 decade ago

    因為During是正在呀,所以contain要加ing。

    Source(s): 會英文我
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