英語現在完成式

英語現在完成式的文法

請盡量以高標準的講義

作為主體說一個文法請

舉幾個例子

Has+p.p這種形式

3 Answers

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  • 行竹
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    英語現在完成式

    英語現在完成式的文法

    請盡量以高標準的講義

    作為主體說一個文法請

    舉幾個例子

    Has+p.p這種形式

    A. 現在完成式的基本句型:

    a. 肯定句: S. + have/has + p.p.

    1. I have done my homework.

    2. He has finished her work.

    b. 否定句: S. + have/has + not + p.p.

    1. They haven't fed the dog.

    2. She hasn't read the book.

    c. 疑問句: Have/Has + S. + p.p. + ?

    1. Have you played tennis before?

    2. Has she called you?

    B. 現在完成式所表達的意義:

    a. 到目前為止,已經完成的動作.常與 just, already, yet連用. just 和

    already 用在肯定句, yet 用在否定句. just 和 already ㄧ般放在

    have/has 和 p.p. 中間, already 還可放在句尾. yet ㄧ般置句尾.

    1. I have just finished my homework.

    2. They have already bought a new house.

    3. They have gone to New York already.

    4. Has she eatten dinner yet?

    b. 表達到目前為止, 有過的經驗.常和 ever, never, once, twice...

    before 連用.

    1. I have never been to Japan.

    2. Have you ever read " Harry Potter" before?

    3. They have seen the movie twice.

    c. 表達從過去某段時間開始,持續到現在的動作或狀態.常和

    since + 子句, since + ㄧ個時間點, for + ㄧ段時間, all + 時間..

    等連用.

    1. He has studies English since he was ten.

    2. Tom has taught English sine 1985.

    3. They have waited Jane for two hours.

    4. The rain has lasted all week.

    C. 比較特殊的用法:

    a. My grandfather has been dead for ten years. ---表達死亡狀態

    b. The puppy has just died. ---表達剛剛死亡.

  • 1 decade ago

    現在完成是表從過去到現在 " 已經 " 或 " 未完成 " 的動作

                 " 曾經 " 或 " 未曾 " 有過的經驗

    文法:

      S + have/has + p.p.

    例:

      I have done my homework.

      She has not eaten lunch.

         ( 以上表 " 已經 " 或 " 未完成 " 的動作 )

      You have been to New York.

         ( 以上表 " 曾經 " 或 " 未曾 " 有過的經驗 )

    現在完成式常在句尾 + for 一段時間 ( 累積了...的時間 )

              since 一段時間 ( 從某個時間點一直到現在 )

    例:

      I have studied English for five years.

      I have studied English since I was ten.

    以上是本人對現有參考書、講義、課本所做的一個大通則的整理

    希望對你有幫助!

    Source(s): 參考書、講義、課本 + 本人造的例句
  • 銀次
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    現在完成式的定義

    是必須從過去到現在持續做了一段時間

    公式:

    S. + have / has p.p + (1) since + 時間點 (2) since +S + V過去簡單式 (3) for + 一段時間

    例如:

    1. He has taken this kind of medicine since last year.

    2. He has taken this kind of medicine since he was a child.

    3. He has taken this kind of medicine for two years.

    Source(s):
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