The last eclipse of the sun you could have seen from the Philippines was the sunrise eclipse of June 11, 2002. That morning, you would have seen a deep partial eclipse of the sun, about 80% of the solar disc covered, at sunrise.
The last total solar eclipse you would have seen was on the morning of March 18, 1988, when all of southern Mindanao lay in the path of totality.
The next eclipse of the sun you can see will be a partial eclipse on January 29, 2009. It's another deep partial solar eclipse. Ninety percent of the sun would be eclipsed in Mindanao, except that the sun will set during the eclipse shortly before it reaches 90%.
You have to wait 35 years for the next total solar eclipse, April 20, 2042. Mid-morning that day, the far southern part of Luzon plus the central islands of the archipelago will lie in the path of totality.
If you don't wish to wait that long, travel to mainland China or the Ryukyu islands of Japan on July 22, 2009 to see the total eclipse there.
(By the way, there's no solar eclipse, total or partial, in the Philippines in 2017. There is one here in the United States, but not in Asia. I'm afraid someone misinterpreted the eclipse co-ordinates as far as 2017 is concerned.)