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How many native american tribes were there before the europeans arrived in North America?

Does anyone know how many different tribes of native americans there were before the european colonization of North America?

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  • 1 decade ago
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    The population was supposed to be around 10 millions.

    The number of distinct Native American groups or cultures that existed at the time of European contact is more difficult to estimate. Scholars do not estimate the number of tribes that existed at the time because few Native American peoples had the level of political organization associated with true tribes. For many native peoples, especially those who lived in areas with sparse resources, the family was the largest unit, while others were organized into bands. Some tribes did exist, but it is impossible to estimate their number, for smaller groups were constantly merging into new, larger groups, or in some cases, disappearing. Europeans applied the term nation to people with a common language and customs and a name for themselves, and by 1700, they were aware of some 50 or 60 distinct Indian “nations” east of the Mississippi River. The Spaniards found some 50 Indian nations in the West, including the Pueblo, Athapaskan-speaking peoples, Comanche, and Piman- and Yuman-speaking peoples. In the Southeast and East, many Indians tried to meet the European invasion by creating confederacies or by increasing their reliance on existing confederacies of smaller groups.

    This region of North America likely saw the first sustained arrival of people to the continent. Although there are other theories, most scientists believe that the first significant groups of people came from Asia, through today's Bering Strait area, then through modern Alaska, and from there spread throughout North America and to South America.

    Although the descendants of these first people on the west coast of today's Canada and United States are not known to have developed civilizations with substantial urban centers and sophisticated writing systems, it is likely that, before European contact, the population density along the west coast of today's Canada and United States was significantly higher than in the rest of the northern part of the continent. It has been estimated that in 1492, one-third of all Native Americans in the United States were living in California.[3] In the Pacific Northwest, the Haida and Tsimshian people, for example, took advantage of the resources of the sea and many rivers to develop permanent settlements.

    The cultural areas of Mesoamerica

    The cultural areas of Mesoamerica

    In the western half of Mesoamerica (that is, western portions of today's Mexico and northern Central America), among the oldest settlements are those which date to approximately 2000 B.C.E.

    • Isaiah6 years agoReport

      You do know Native American population exceeded Europes pre-columbia right in less your saying their was like 6 million Europeans. Pre-columbia their was 74 million Native Americans in the Americas, and 68 million people in Europe

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  • 5 years ago

    This Site Might Help You.

    RE:

    How many native american tribes were there before the europeans arrived in North America?

    Does anyone know how many different tribes of native americans there were before the european colonization of North America?

    Source(s): native american tribes europeans arrived north america: https://shortly.im/d3HN1
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  • 1 decade ago

    I agree with Vintageexxpress except on a couple of points. The most important is that there were Indian polities which transcended ethnicity, such as the Mississippian cultures of the Southeast. These exercised dominance over large areas and many people and peoples, and like all such things, when people started heading for the capital or other urban centers (to the degree that "urban" properly characterizes these places) they would tend to mix and mingle, losing their distinctly ethnic character. Perhaps this created a new ethnicity at a place like Cahokia, which is said by archaeologists to have had as many people as most European cities at the time. When things like this broke apart, and their people died, disappeared, scattered, etc., how do you count the ethnicity of dispersed survivors?

    To keep this at the time of European arrival, consider that Cahokia was long gone by then, but other such arrangements endured elsewhere. DeSoto (1540) encountered a city in South Carolina (Cofitachequi) which controlled, or had controlled until recently, most of the central portion of that state. But subsequent Spanish explorations found few people, and mostly ruins at Cofitachequi.

    Also, I don't think the "Clovis First" theory can hold much water any more. Archaeologists at the Topper Site in South Carolina claim to have found human artifacts in soil levels dating back 16,000 years ago, at least. Recent work there has turned up what they claim to be artifacts from much earlier, as much as 50,000 years, some of which much resemble those found in Europe and dating back to around the same time, raising the intriguing possibility that the first humans in North America may have come by way of Europe and the Atlantic Shelf rather than by way of Asia and the Pacific Shelf.

    We're learning new things about pre-Columbian American almost every day!

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  • Anonymous
    4 years ago

    There were Millions of Native Americans from North to South America to Central American and Alaska. Native Americans are believed to have migrated from Siberia this is Based on Genetic and Linguist evidence all Pointing to Siberia East Asia as The Mal'ta Buret' culture of Siberia dates to 24 000 to 15000 years and is genetically related to Native Americans and Paleo Siberian Tribes near the Yenesei River. Even the Extinct Saqqaq Culture Aka Paleo-Eskimo that started around 2500 BCE in Greenland.Frozen Remains of Saqqaq dubbed inuk had Brown eyes Black hair and shoveled shaped teeth and close genetically to the Chuckhi and Koryak people of Siberia The Saqqaq are believe to have came to Greenland by canoe 5500years BP Some tribes stopped at Beringa will some Migrated into America some groups migrated back down to Siberia. Some Native Americans descend from the Dyuktai culture a Micro Blade tradition that enter America 8000 BCE and is related to Artic tribes is dubbed Paleo Artic Tribes. And some tribes come from Anzick 1 Boy in Montana 12 556 years old that Migrated 14 000 years ago from Siberia. All origins and evidence point to Siberia East Asia.

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  • 6 years ago

    74 million Native Americans pre-columbia as population.

    Their was about 1,000 tribes in the whole Americas. In which 300-400 are extinct today.There were 100 tribes in Canada, 500 in USA, about 50 in Mexico, 10-20 in Central America, about 30 in the Andes, 5-10 in the Caribbean, about 100 in the Amazon, about 100 in the Brazilian highlands, about 10 in the Gran Chaco, and about 60 in Southern South America. Although my research is still continuing.

    Source(s): Im Apache 2 years personal research.
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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    At least 500. There's a lot of disagreement about what constitutes a tribe. Are the Lakota and Dakota two different tribes, or just bands of the larger Sioux tribe? There are many such examples. But scholars generally agree on the 500 figure, give or take.

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  • 1 decade ago

    Hundreds....

    Sioux, Cherokee, Lakota, MicMac, Apache, Comanche, Iriqouis, Delawares, Algonquins, Susquehannocks, Navaho, Chesapeakes, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Natchez are just a few off the top of my head. Like someone before me said, it is difficult to count, like with the Lakota/Dakota. Some tribes were sub tribes of larger ones.

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  • 7 years ago

    There are approximately 562 Native American Indian tribes in the U.S currently.

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  • 1 decade ago

    They claim to have "nearly made them extinct"

    There are 713 tribes on the federal registry today. and hundreds more on the waiting list to be recognized.

    so if roughly 1,000 separate tribes are 'near extinction' It would mean well over 1,000 were here PRE contact.

    Actual Number Nobody knows, I don't honestly think they'll EVER know.

    Source(s): Skindian
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  • 6 years ago

    about 1000

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