History of the Jack in the Box?
I want to know the History of the Toy Jack in the Box.
No Wikipedia! Please!
- JVHawai'iLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
"""In 1951, a businessman named Robert O. Peterson opened the first Jack in the Box® restaurant in San Diego on the main east-west thoroughfare leading into city. Equipped with an intercom system and drive-thru window, the tiny restaurant served up hamburgers to passing motorists for just 18 cents, while a large jack-in-the-box clown kept watch from the roof.
Along with his Jack in the Box restaurants, Mr. Peterson operated other restaurant concepts as well as a food-manufacturing facility as divisions of a parent company called San Diego Commissary Co. In 1960, San Diego Commissary changed its name to Foodmaker Co., and Jack in the Box expanded outside of California with the opening of its first restaurants in Phoenix, Ariz. Three years later, Jack in the Box expanded into Texas, where it opened restaurants in the Houston and Dallas-Ft. Worth areas. """
Now you have got me hungry - - - - OHHHHHHHHHHHH the Toy - - - all sorts of tales are told my favorite being the lecherous Polish Count who would presents his girls with a golden box set on lap and they opened it up UP would pop 'Jack.'
Actually on this subject I agree with your diapproval of Wikipedia and I am shock at the lack of info on the net...
The first mechanical or wind-up toys were made back in Grecian times - - - but for the sake of answer for your query, the art was revived by watch makers & clock makers during the 1400's. Have you ever seen those town clocks where in wooden figures wheel out and do a dance or other motion. Much like a Cukoo Clock. Which if yiou are following often has a Bird that Pops Out-
Early in the 1500's a German Clockmaker named Claus made a box for a Local Prince whose son was about to celebrate his fifth birthday. A simple wooden box with metal edges and a handle, a turn of the crank produced a simple tune and out popped a 'Jack,' a Devil, a comical version with leering smile. Other Nobles took note of the child's toy and the idea spread. Technology by the 1700s meant that it was a 'common toy' or novelty often in use for all ages. It was around this time that the image of a Jack/a Devil in a box became cartoon fodder for rouge politicians and other public figures held to ridicule.
Best I can do for a link is to direct to the Nuremberg Toy Museum...
Nuremberg -- Now that Santa Claus (or St. Nicholas) has spread joy and left new toys for millions of little boys and girls throughout the U.S., is he really returning to the North Pole? Or, could he be driving his miniature sleigh and eight tiny reindeer to Nuremberg?
Why Nuremberg? Because it's the "toy capital of the world" and has been for centuries.
Nuremberg's toy-making tradition stretches back 600 years to its "dockenmacher" (doll makers) who fashioned figures from clay and then wooden dolls with moving parts. First mention of a toy maker in the city's tax records was for a doll maker around 1400 A.D.
Wooden toys established Nuremberg's reputation as a toy city by the 16th and 17th century. Since then, local merchants have exported to the world the toys made here and elsewhere. Even today, the Nuremberg area remains an important toy production center.
Each year Bavaria's second largest city hosts the world's biggest international toy fair. On Feb. 2-7, about 77,000 trade visitors from 100 nations will attend the Spielwarenmesse International Toy Fair. More than 2,700 exhibitors from over 65 countries will show off a million or more products, including some 60,000 new lines and improvements.
The best place to learn about Nuremberg's long toy-making history is at the Nuremberg Toy Museum. Located in the heart of Old Town with its timbered houses and narrow, cobblestone streets, the Toy Museum has a vast and very high-quality collection of toys from antiquity to the present, with emphasis on the 18th to 20th centuries.
When my wife, Regina, and I visited the museum in November, we met with its director, Dr. Helmut Schwarz. When we arrived, he was working on an exhibition of "spiel gut" toys on loan from an association that awards its seal of approval for toys meeting specific quality standards in educational value and design.
Dr. Schwarz said the association is independent of the toy industry and trade and uses toy experts and families for testing before granting its "spiel gut" award to toys. Thousands of toys have been granted the award since the association was founded in 1954.
Originally in Wurzburg, the toy museum is based on the private toy collection of the late Lydia and Paul Bayer. It was moved to Nuremberg and reopened in 1971 at its present location at 13-15 Karlstrasse in a house with a Renaissance facade dating back to about 1610. Only a rococo stucco ceiling and the doors of the same room remain from the original building.
The museum's collection comprises about 65,000 objects but only about five percent of these are displayed at one time. We saw many historic wooden toys, dolls and exquisite doll houses. The doll houses are replete with period furnishings and tiny household items, down to plates, cups, pots and pans.
Like many toys on display, the doll houses are extraordinary because of their fine craftmanship. We took special note of a lavishly-furnished, 1882 dolls' kitchen owned by the Royal Bavarian family, the House of Wittelsbach. "The three princesses of the last ruling Bavarian King, Ludwig III, all played with it," Dr. Schwarz explained.
With some 110,000 visitors a year, the Toy Museum is one of Nuremberg's most popular museums, along with the Germanisches Nationalmuseum and the Verkehrsmuseum (Transportation Museum). Its oldest exhibits include a baby's toy rattle from 8 or 9 B.C.
"No other German toy museum has such old artifacts," said Dr. Schwarz. "Hundreds of toys were found during excavations in the 19th century when the city had to change during industrialization and had to dig up a lot of things." He said the ancient toy rattle came from the border between Germany and Poland.
On our tour, we also saw optical toys, clowns, puppets, mechanical toys, posters, rocking horses, musical toys and many other play things of the past, including a 1905 Steiff Teddy Bear. We also saw many early European toys from Nuremberg and other German regions, such as Thuringia Forest, the Ore Mountains, and Oberammergau.
When Dr. Schwarz escorted us into the only original room from 1610, he said, "I wanted to show you both this room and this cabinet which shows the development of the tin soldiers in Nuremberg. The famous Tin Soldier was invented here."
The museum houses the world's largest collection of Lehmann tin toys, said Dr. Schwarz, explaining that E. P. Lehmann "was the world's best maker of mechanical tin toys."
Gianello della tour of Cremona To alleviate the boredom of the emperor Charles the V, Della Tour made several automata. The most notable one was a lute player that walked either in a straight line or a circle, while plucking the strings and turning her head from side to side. He also mad mechanical figures of flying birds and articulated soldiers who blew trumpets, beat drums and fought on the table top.
Salomon de Caus studied the automata form ancient times and worked allot with water as a means of power and to help produce bird movement and sounds. A notable piece of work was an automata that had a singing bird, when a mechanical owl was placed on a rock the song stoped.
Christiaan Huygens made many automata for the royal court and the king of France. In 1680 he was ordered to make a machine showing a whole army fighting. He also produced figures of artisans imitating characteristic movements of their trade.
Maillard Produced quite sophisticated automata the made extensive use of gearing and cogs wheels to produce automata of horses that worked by turning a hand crank.
- DrMichaelLv 71 decade ago
According to Pete Patterson The original Jacks weren't actually clowns, but instead runaway slaves ("Jacks" in slang.) The first Jack in a box was actually a live captured runaway slave in a wooden box. Often children playing where they shouldn't, would jam sharpened wooden sticks though the knotholes of the boxes. In reaction the "Jack" inside would yelp, and often bust through the top of the box. John Schorne, inspired by his childhood antics, began hand crafting and selling Jack in The Boxes. The simple music box would crank and POP out came a crudely crafted black man on a spring. The idea quickly took off as one of the first novelty gifts. The black man in the box was gradually phased into a clown.
The first jack in the box was invented in the sixteenth century and this beloved toy that works by a simple spring continues to amuse children today. Nonetheless, the popularity of certain items was a sign of the time and place of production.
- AdrienneLv 45 years ago
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Johnson's victory changed the face of boxing forever. He got to show the world that Blacks can compete at the same level as Whites in the heavyweight division. He incorporated defensive moves very few had seen in the game up to that point, and dispelled the very silly stereotype that Blacks couldn't take a body punch by withstanding many body shots. He also made it possible (though not immediately so) for many other Blacks (guys like Tiger Flowers, Battling Siki, Joe Louis, etc, etc..) to fight for world titles in the heavier divisions. Johnson also showed that he wasn't going to cower to racism by living his life as he pleased, which didn't please everyone. Muhammad Ali followed Johnson's example of living how he pleased down to a T. The man was a physical freak for his time and a boxing genius. Because of he, boxing changed as well, less toe-to-toe matches and more science. People called him a coward for it, but would always reply "I'm fighting like James Corbett". Great fighter, one of the very best ever.
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- Hockeydude628Lv 41 decade ago
All right. So there was this guy, named Jack, and one day, Jack's friends shoved him inside a box as a joke and shut the box and taped it up so he couldn't get out. When someone finally opened the box, Jack thought it was his friends so he jumped out and screamed hoping to get some revenge, but just scared an old man. Stupid Jack.
- 4 years ago
Nancy Arrowsmith and George Moorse in their book "A Field Guide to the Little People" under entry for kobolde states that in the Middle Ages a kobolde was a spirit captured from a tree by carving the tree into a small figure. This was kept in a box because it was thought that the spirit would escape if anyone opened the box except the owner. To teach children to leave the box alone a substitute was made with a devil or ugly figure that sprang out when the box was opened. This is stated to be the origin of the Jack-in-the-box toy.
- Anonymous1 decade ago