what are symptoms of feline leukemia and duration from sickness to death?
- UnicornriderLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
Although feline leukemia remains an incurable viral disease that threatens the lives of thousands of domestic as well as wild cats each year, newer methods for treating this disease have become more readily available. The most effective drugs used today include:
Staph Protein A,
The three forms of feline leukemia are chest, abdominal, and multicentric. The signs that the cat shows depend on the lymph nodes and organs involved.
Chest symptoms include enlarged chest lymph nodes, compressed windpipe and esophagus, fluid accumulation in the chest, breathing difficulties, coughing, and gagging.
In abdominal leukemia, malignant cells may be present in the intestine, lymph nodes, liver, spleen, or kidney. There may be a decrease in appetite, depression, weight loss, dehydration, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, anemia, and jaundice.
Multicentric leukemia causes greatly enlarged lymph nodes under the skin and tumor formation in many organs. The cat may or may not have a fever.
PROGRESSION OF DISEASE:
Feline leukemia begins with infection of the mouth tissues. It spreads from the mouth by blood cells and infects the lymph glands. At this stage, most cats are able to block the infection. If it invades the bone marrow, the cat is infected for life. It then spreads through the blood through the circulation. Tissues such as the tear glands, salivary glands, and urinary bladder become infected. The cat is now shedding the virus, and becomes infectious to other cats.
Other conditions that may be caused by FeLV include: blood in the stool, decreased stamina, immune suppression, bleeding disorders, excessive drinking and urination, abortion, infertility, "infant mortality complex" (the unexplained deaths of newborn kittens), arthritis, ulcers at body openings (i.e., mouth, anus, vagina, and eyes), immune diseases like inflammatory bowel disease, cystitis, cloudy eyes, and neurologic abnormalities.
To prevent FeLV infection, recommendations are to keep cats indoors and away from strays who might be carrying the virus. Traditional veterinarians advise vaccination, while holistic practitioners believe that the viruses in the vaccination will only weaken the immune system, particularly in cats already infected with FeLV.
Several vaccines are available which are produced by different methods but give the same protection. However, they are not 100% effective in preventing FeLV infection. Some vaccinated cats may become temporarily FeLV-positive after exposure to the virus, but they will not develop the disease. Although most cats experience no reaction to a vaccine, some may display malaise for a few hours to two days after the shot. The relatively rare allergic reaction can be easily treated. Kittens should be vaccinated twice: first at nine to ten weeks, then three to four weeks later. Annual booster vaccinations are also recommended. Because the FeLV vaccines are not foolproof, FeLV-positive cats should not be housed with FeLV-negative cats, even if the latter have been vaccinated.
- 1 decade ago
Symptoms can vary at different stages of illness. in the first few weeks after they contract the infection they may have:
depression or dissatisfaction
swollen lymph nodes
low or mild fevers
Again, depending upon the stage of the illness, some symptoms may include:
low levels of red blood cells
blood in the stool
abnormally high water drinking
recurring infections such as bacterial, fungal and other viral infections
symptoms of FeLV-infected cats that have cancer include the following:
intestinal inflammation and diarrhea
liver or kidney disease
Hope this helps!
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