A carborane is a cluster composed of boron and carbon atoms. Like many of the related boranes, these clusters are polyhedra and are similarly classified as closo-, nido-, arachno-, hypho-, etc. based on whether they represent a complete (closo-) polyhedron, or a polyhedron that is missing one (nido-), two (arachno-), or more vertices.
Interesting examples of carboranes are the extremely stable icosahedral closo-carboranes.
A prominent example is the charge-neutral C2B10H12 or o-carborane with the prefix o derived from ortho, which has been explored for use in a wide range of applications from heat-resistant polymers to medical applications. This compound is called super aromatic because it obeys Huckel's rule and exhibits high thermal stability. At 420 °C o-carborane converts to the meta isomer. In comparison, benzene requires a >1000 °C to induce skeletal rearrangement. Like arenes, carboranes also undergo electrophilic aromatic substitution.
· 1 decade ago