there is good farming and bad farming and mediocre
the bibles farming was mediocre
so they were wise to let if rest once in a while ,
the same way the North American Natives planted corn in different places all the time ,and so ensuring the optimum rich ness of the soil that applied to their methods
the Central And south American Indians had better instruction from their probably Alien masters and were into sophisticated organic farming using carbon soils made from burning plants as in the Amazon basin ,
or the way the Aztecs used the Human blood at the time of the sacrifices and the excrement from the public toilets mixed with the rich mud from the lake and mulching on an everyday basis
their chinampas are functioning after 800 years with out seven year breaks
and the Inca terrazed gardens using mulch and haveng the land shaped to be as receptive as possible to ebverything that fell on it,
all of these ancient agriculture were biodiverse systems consisting of many product produced along side each other.
In Mexico today are still examples from old Indian agricultural practises of diversity or companion planting.
where by a series of 7 or 8 species of plants are put together or one folows the other.to create biodiversity ,and utilisation of space.
Corn is planted for example ,wich is followed 4 weeks later by a bean that climbs it.
and agavi and edible cactus is on the sides to protect these plants from foraging animals and add chemicals to the soil by their secretions.and others are in between to provide groundcover
there are many forms of sustainable farming in the past,and today those who follow the principles of permaculture,no till farming,organic or sustainable farming are the new generation of agriculturists who have seen the light.
NO TILL FARMING
it means not using a tractor and planting in mulch
the tractor is used inicially to shape the land and to make it receptive to water harvesting.
but after that the top layer of soil is left in peace so that microorganisms can get on with building soil
when ploughing the land this layer is killed over and over again ,making the soil dry out ,killing all micro-organisms ,and the soil becomes poor in no time,
No till farming is being adopted now by hardcore farmers who have traditionally farmed by ploughing for generations ,because production is double ,the work is far less .there are less weeds to contend with because these always arrive when the soil is broken,and in the end costs far less in both labor and tractor work
and fertilizer is not needed if one adds mulch and compost making the soil progressively richer
on top of that continued used of heavy machinary compacts the ground and raises the salt to the surface.
some general points on sustainable farming
cut down the weeds before they produce seeds and leave them where they fall,they will cover the ground and put even more organic matter on top,you can use saw dust,leaves green or dry,and when you plant make a little space and plant in the mulch.this is the easiest quickest and by far most benificial way(for the quality of you soul)to prepare the land for planting
to prevent weeds from coming all you have to do it turn out the lights,you can even use cardboard or black plastic(this is good for strawberries because they will rot if they touch humid ground,and the bugs can get to them).
what you do is to cover the ground with mulch which is the same principal as compost but it includes the whole garden surface
the top part of the soil where the topsoil is being produced houses a world or microbiotic life.
Mulch is organic material green or dry that covers the ground,the thicker the better the composting process will turn it in to black topsoil
the humidity is preserved underneath and promotes the devellopment of worms(their exists no better compost than their excrements)and a variety of micro biotic life which together with the mulch produce more topsoil.
the mulch also keeps the ground temperature even and guards against the impact of the rain ,which would other wise brings salt to the surfave if on unprotected land
Mulch also prevents the soil from drying out because of the sun and, lay it open to wind erosian.
and it turn out the lights for any weeds that want to come up
do not use chemicals because the water will wash them into the ground and if enough people did that, you would be guilty of helping to contaminate subteranean water suplies that other people could be pumping up to drink
Further more land should be shaped to absorb and contain water(water harvesting) and the soil should rather be mulched instead of ploughed and so after the shapes have been made the land is hardly touched and soil continues to build with out destructive interuptions ,THE WORMS BELOW are turning and areating the soil for us keeping it fluffy and rich in compost,and they are a lot cheaper than running a tractor
,dig small dams every where to cath the rain water, and you can archieve that all of the rain water is absorbed by the land ,it will seep slowly into the ground to add to subteranean water suplies ,make sure that all the dams are interconnected by slow gradient ditches .just because you dont see water ,does not mean that it is not there .
Normally a land repels water and with the rains it runs over ground into the rivers and away.
think now that you want to make the land receptive or absorbent of all the water that falls on it.
What is Permaculture
· 1 decade ago