What is the origin of the Republican Party? who were they and why did they join together?
- The Real AmericaLv 41 decade agoFavorite Answer
The Republican Party evolved during the 1850's when the issue of slavery forced divisions within the existing Whig and Democratic Republican parties. Faced with political turmoil, a new party -- dedicated to states rights and a restricted role of government in economic and social life -- began making history.
Alan Earl Bovay, one of the founders of the Republican Party, believed that a new party should be formed to represent the interests of the North and the abolitionists. He decided to call that party "Republican" because it was a simple, yet significant word synonymous with equality. Moreover, Thomas Jefferson had earlier chosen "Republican" to refer to his party, which gave the name respect borne of historical significance.
The first stirrings of the Republican Party came in February, 1854, when Whig Party defectors met privately in Crawfordsville, Iowa, to call for the creation of a new political party. The first public meeting was held one month later at a small church in Ripon, Wisconsin, when Alan Bovay rallied anti-slavery forces and adopted resolutions opposing the Kansas Nebraska Act.
A second meeting was held in a one story schoolhouse in Ripon on March 20, 1854. Fifty-four citizens, including three women, dissolved their local committees and chose five men to serve as the committee of the new party: Alan Bovay, Jebediah Bowen, Amos Loper, Abram Thomas, and Jacob Woodruff. Said Mr. Bovay: "We went into the little meeting Whigs, Free Soilers, and Democrats. We came out Republicans and...were the first Republicans in the Union."
In July of the same year, when the meeting hall was too small, the "Anti- Nebraska Convention" met in a grove of oak trees in Jackson, Michigan, to write a national platform and concentrate its efforts to counter the Democrats plan to extend slavery to new territories joining the Union. The new party adopted a platform, nominated candidates for state offices, and produced two anti-slavery resolutions, one of which stated, "Resolved...in view of the necessity of battling against the schemes of an aristocracy, the most revolting and oppressive with which the Earth was ever cursed or man debased, we will cooperate and be known as Republicans."
In 1856, "Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Speech, Free Men, Freemont!" was the slogan of the Republican Party. At its first national convention in Philadelphia, the party nominated John C. Freemont for president (Abraham Lincoln was proposed for vice-president, but Senator William L. Dayton won the nomination). Although the party lost the election to the Democrats, it captured a third of the total vote, boosting its optimism for the 1860 elections.
- 1 decade ago
The Republicans arose in 1854 in order to support a candidate that did not support the spread of slavery into the Kansas-Nebraska territories (after the kansas-nebraska act of 1854). It grew out of anti-slavery Democrats, Whigs, and others.
You could say that the "republican" or conservative party started back in 1796 with Alexander Hamilton. That party eventually died out after the embarassing Hartofrd Convention in late 1814 (end of the war of 1812) when the Northeastern/ New England states joined together to send their grievances to the federal government. After that died, the country experienced a short period of political unity until Andrew Jackson came along (an Anti-federalist/ jeffersonian-republican/ democrat). Opposition was so strong to "King Andrew" that his opponents formed the Whig party, which had limited success with William Henry Harrison and Zachary Taylor (both past generals who died in office. Unfortunately, their successors were more of Democrats, so teh Whigs had a short lived political reign). Anyways, the Whigs died in the late 1840s because of their lack of success in gaining a president.
In 1856 the Republicans nominated John C. Fremont, the man who lead attacks on California during the Mexican American war. The party supported stopping the spread of slavery into new territories, protective tariffs, internal improvements paid for by the government, expanding trade, and building a transcontinental railroad.
- How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
They organized in 1854, from Whig, northern Democrats, and Free-Soil Party members. They joined to oppose the expansion of slavery and to modernize America.
First Presidential Candidate: John C. Fremont
First Elected Presidential Candidate: Abraham Lincoln.
- A M FrantzLv 71 decade ago
The Republican Party was formed in Ripon, Wisconsin, in order to oppose the spread of slavery. They supplanted the Whigs, who had previously been the main opposition to the Democrats.
- 1 decade ago
the republican party of today or the republican party namesake (a la lincoln?)
the republican party today effectively started with the nixon-ford administration. nixon forged together the conservative white southerns and the rich businessmen of the north industrial states. this is the base of who supports the republican party today.
- 1 decade ago
Join together? I doubt the Republican Party has ever agreed on anything. Right now the only thing you need to know about the Republican Party is that one of them won't be living in the White House in 2008. Pax - C
- billeaudLv 43 years ago
it may be magnificent to unquestionably have the autonomous unionize mutually as their very own political business enterprise for one. 2d, i think of it may be large that the Republicans might enable Independents to have some political grounding interior the government. while it is composed of overthrowing Obama, nonetheless, i don't think of we would desire to continuously attempt that until eventually he has long undergone his first a hundred days. That way we would have substance, if any, for this form of reason.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
They began as a bunch of white abolitionists