Who proposed judaism?
... and what are the basic teachings in Judaism? :P
Sorry if I took too long.
- LadySuriLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
G-d proposed it and gave it to Abraham, who accepted it and followed it.
Here are the basic teachings of Judaism (they're a bit long, but good.):
There are three major sects of Judaism: Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform. I will give the Orthodox view on things here. All of them basically accept what we call Rambam's Thirteen Principles which sum up what Jews basically believe in:
1. G-d exists
2. G-d is one and unique
3. G-d is incorporeal (nonmaterial)
4. G-d is eternal
5. G-d alone is to be worshipped and no other
6. G-d's prophets are truthful
7. Moses was the greatest of the prophets
8. The whole Torah was given to Moses on Mt. Sinai (Written and Oral)
9. There will be no other Torah and the Torah will not be changed or annulled
10. G-d has foreknowledge of men's actions, thoughts, and words
11. G-d will deliver retribution
12. The Messiah will come
13. The dead will be resurrected at the coming of Moshiach (Messiah)
[Please note that Conservative and Reform generally have a differing opinion on #8.]
Judaism does NOT believe that the messiah will be divine. He will be a mortal, normal person like us who knows Jewish law and follows it all. (I think there is a midrash that says that every Jewish child before being born knows all of the Torah and law inside and out--but in being born, s/he forgets all of it and must learn again. The messiah will be the one who does not forget.) He will fulfill all of the prophecies without dying first, and will only come ONCE. He will not die, because in showing himself he will have accomplished world peace and the resurrection of the dead and established the World to Come on this world, etc.
Judaism believes that only you can be responsible for your sins. Nobody else can take them on or ask forgiveness on your behalf. Yes, we used to do animal sacrifices, but not at every sin because sacrifice alone could not atone for sin. We would do it at festivals and holidays. Still, sacrifice alone cannot atone for sin (and human sacrifice is ABHORRED by G-d). To atone for sins, a person must do teshuva, which includes: 1. recognizing the sin [knowing you did wrong] and feeling remorse for it 2. asking forgiveness of the wrong by the person you wronged (example: if you broke a Jewish law, you apologize to G-d, but if you broke your neighbor's favorite flowerpot, you must apologize to your neighbor for no one else can forgive you) 3. try to right the wrong you did--if you broke the flowerpot, either buy a new one or try to repair the old one sufficiently 4. actively resolve and try not to commit the wrong again--if you broke a law, create a reminder for yourself so that next time the opportunity comes up, you will remember.
We do not believe in proselytizing because we believe that nobody has to be Jewish to warrant a place in heaven. A non-Jew has as much right to the World to Come as a Jew does--a Jew just has more rules to follow to get there. We do accept converts (we are NOT a race!!) although it is a hard road because Judaism is a hard life to live. [notice I say life, not religion. Judaism is a way of life, not just a religion.] It takes years of study to convert and the rabbi wants to make sure the convert is sincere because nobody wants to waste at least a year of the rabbi's life (or the convert's life, for that matter). Once you are Jewish you can never be a non-Jew again UNLESS you take on another believe system directly contrary to Judaism's. For example, you can be an atheist but still be Jewish because your believe system does not contradict with Judaism--you do not believe in G-d, but you don't believe in another false god either. But you cannot be a Jewish Xtian because Xtianity is contrary to Judaism. If you are a Jew and suddenly start to believe in Xtianity, you are an apostate and not Jewish unless you repent and come home to Judaism.
We have two books: the Tanakh and the Talmud. The Tanakh contains Torah, Nevi'im (Prophets) and Ketuv'im (Writings)--> TNK--> TaNaKh. The Tanakh contains the Written Torah while the Talmud contains the Oral Torah plus the commentaries on the laws written by our sages and rabbis over history. (Oral Torah written down=Mishna, a part of the Talmud and commentary=Gemara, the other part of the Talmud)
Judaism is a religion of arguing. You hear the phrase "two Jews, three opinions," and it's completely true. One of our texts is a book of arguments on the laws. So the Judaism you get in one Jew is not necessarily the Judaism you get in another Jew, although most will have all I've said here in common.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Who the first Jews were is a matter of some controversy. Some maintain that it was those who were present, bodily, at the revelation of the Ten Commandments at Mount Sinai; others maintain that Abraham and Sarah were the first Jews.
Judaism is the religion of the Jewish people, based on principles and ethics embodied in the Bible (Tanakh) and the Talmud.
According to Jewish tradition, the history of Judaism begins with the Covenant between G-d and Abraham (ca. 2000 BCE), the patriarch and progenitor of the Jewish people.
Judaism is the first recorded monotheistic faith and among the oldest religious traditions still in practice today.
Jewish history and doctrines have influenced other religions such as Christianity, Islam, Samaritanism and the Bahá'í Faith.
Throughout the ages, Judaism has clung to a number of religious principles, the most important of which is the belief in a single, omniscient, omnipotent, benevolent, transcendent
G-d, who created the universe and continues to govern it.
According to traditional Jewish belief, the G-d who created the world established a covenant with the Jewish people, and revealed his laws and commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai in the form of the Torah.
The traditional practice of Judaism revolves around study and the observance of G-d's laws and commandments as written in the Torah and expounded in the Talmud.
Jewish religious history
Jews trace their religious lineage to the biblical patriarch Abraham, who established a covenant with G-d and moved to Canaan with his followers around 1800 BCE according to the Bible, through Isaac and Jacob, and they consider Abraham to be the founder of Judaism.
Around 1600 BCE, as a result of famine, many Israelites migrated to Egypt, after a few hundred years of living freely in Egypt they were eventually held in slavery until the 13th century BCE, when Moses led the Israelites out of Egypt and established a covenant with G-d around 1280 BCE, starting the religious tradition of Judaism.
"Who is a Jew?"
(Hebrew: ?מיהו יהודי) is a religious, social and political debate on the exact definition of which persons can be considered Jewish. The Hebrew phrase Mihu Yehudi (Hebrew: "?מיהו יהודי", "Who is a Jew?") came into widespread use when several high profile legal cases in Israel grappled with this subject after the founding of the Jewish state in 1948. As the Jewish identity shares some of the characteristics of an ethnicity and a religion, the definitions of a Jew may vary, depending on whether a religious, sociological, or ethnic approach to identity is used.
Throughout Jewish history, Jews have been characterized in many different lights.
According to most definitions, a Jew is either born into the Jewish people, or becomes one through religious conversion. The debate centers around some of the following questions: go to link and read more if you are interested:
I hope this helps you understand a little more?
Good luck and Shalom to you.
- MatTLv 71 decade ago
Nobody proposed Judaism. It was founded by Abraham (אַבְרָהָם) around 2000 BCE. The account can be read in Genesis 12:3, where Yahweh promised Abraham that through his offspring, all the nations of the world will be blessed. This covenant marked the offiicall start of Judaism.
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- HatikvahLv 71 decade ago
Judaism "appeared" at Mt. Sinai when God spoke to 600,000 men and their families and fellow travelers. Revelation was witnessed by millions.
.Source(s): http://beliefnet.com/index/index_10005.html http://www.jewfaq.org/toc.htm http://www.jewsforjudaism.org/ http://whatjewsbelieve.org/ http://becomingajew.org/ http://www.asknoah.org/ http://www.askmoses.com/ http://judaism.about.com/ http://www.aish.com/ http://www.beingjewish.com/ http://www.convertingtojudaism.com/?wcw=google . Messiah: http://www.judaismsanswer.com,%20www.messiahtruth.... http://www.simpletoremember.com/vitals/jewsandjesu...
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Contrary to popular belief the practice of Judaism didn't arise until 3-400 years before the birth of Christ. The Jews never clasified their belief as Judaism until after they returned from Babylonian exile.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Mike G. got to it before I did and he is absolutely right. Judaism or monotheism did begin with Akhenaton.
- DarlaLv 51 decade ago
It must be an ancient religion, and I think God did.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Yahweh. Abraham got the message of monotheism and there you go.
- 1 decade ago