Solving Applied Problems: Two Equations?

problem 1

The St.mark's Community bbq served 250 dinners. A child's plate cost $3.50 and an adult's plate cost $7.00. A total of $1347.50 was collected. How many of each type of plate was served?

5 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    We have two totals:

    250 total dinners served.

    $1347.50 collected.

    Let

    x=number of child's plates served

    y=number of adult plates served

    Then we can set up 2 equations with 2 unknowns and solve:

    x+y=250

    3.50x+7.00y=1347.50

    Multiplying the first equation by -3.5 yields

    -3.50x-3.50y= -875

    3.50x+7.00y=1347.50

    Adding the two equations yields

    3.50y=472.50

    so y=135

    Recall that x+y=250

    so x+135=250

    and x=115

    So there were 115 child plates and 135 adult plates served.

  • 1 decade ago

    Call x the number of child's plates sold and y the number of adult's plates sold. The total number of dinners sold is 250, so:

    x + y = 250

    The total cost is 1347.50, so:

    (3.50)x + (7.00)y = 1347.50

    Solving by substitution, the first equation can be written:

    x = 250 - y

    Now plug into the second equation for x

    (3.50)(250-y) + (7.00)y = 1347.50

    875 - (3.50)y + (7.00)y = 1347.50

    (3.50)y = 472.5

    y = 135 adult plates

    so the rest (250-135) must be children's plates x = 115

    Checking 115(3.50) + 135(7) = 1347.50

  • 3 years ago

    you have 2 equations here. If x is the sort of 30 2d commercials and y the sort of 60 2d commercials, x + y is 12 and 30*x + 60*y = 10*60, or six hundred. So i might propose substitution. Y = 12 - x. 30 * x + 720 - 60*x = six hundred. 30 * x = a hundred and twenty. X = 4, and for this reason y = 8. you may verify this: 4 * 30 + 8 * 60 = six hundred seconds, or 10 minutes.

  • 1 decade ago

    you can establish 2 equations with the above data.

    lets say x= the number of children in attendance

    and y=the number of adults in attendance

    so x+y=250 people

    we also know that

    ($7*y)+($3.5*x)=$1347.50

    solve one equation for the variable of your choice

    x+y=250

    x=250-y

    substitute the value of x for this answer in your other equation so

    3.5(250-y)+7y=1347.5

    multiply 3.5 through

    875-3.5y-7y=1347.5

    combine like terms and move the 875 to the other side

    3.5y=472.5

    solve for y

    y=135 the number of adults in attendance

    use this to solve for x

    x+135=250

    x=115 the number of children in attendance

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  • 1 decade ago

    Suppose x= number of child's plates were served

    y=number of adult's plates were served

    So: 3.5x+7y= 1347.5

    x + y= 250

    <=> 3.5x+7y= 1347.5 [1]

    3.5x+3.5y= 875 (250*3.5) [2]

    [1] - [2] : 3.5y = 472.5

    =>

    x=115

    y=135

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