Yes, the Republic of China has always been an Independent Government from the P.R.O.C. The R.O.C. was even formed before the current Govt. in China. Infact, the R.O.C. (Taiwan)was even one of the founding members of the U.N. And was kicked out of the UN by PROC in 1971. The Nation of the R.O.C. is recognized still today by 23 nations. Yet, for the past 58 years, the R.O.C. has only controlled Taiwan and a few other Islands. The R.O.C. (Taiwan) is already Independent from the P.R.O.C (China). If the R.O.C. wants to be a recognized nation by the international community, only thing they need to do is change their name to Taiwan. And rely on the US to defend them against the Communist Red China. The only reason why Taiwan isn't a free country today is because Chiang Kei Shek and the KMT (nationalist) R.O.C. retreated to Taiwan in 1949. If it wasn't for Chiang Kei Shek, Taiwan and the Taiwanese would be a free nation today.