Can I sell a house that is owned jointly?
I am a single man owing a house with another single man. Can I force a sale of the property, and if so can I gain the entire down payment that I put down on it? The other man wants to let his brother live in our house, which I oppose. I paid off the debts of the man who lives with me in order to qualify for the mortgage. I put down $42,000 on the home. He put no money down on the home. I do not want his brother or anyone else to live in our house. He is insistent to allow his brother to live here. I did not sign up for that arrangement and want out. I want my down payment and to sell the house. He thinks I cannot do this, but an attorney I talked with said that equitable distribution laws would allow me to force the sale, even if I had to sue my partner. Most everything in the house was purchased by me, as well as things I owned before I met him. Does anyone have any credible information on how this is handled? I only want my down payment back and the things that I either had or bought
Thank you for your responses. This is not about divorce since we are two guys. I put down $42,000 on this home and I want my money back.
- W. ELv 51 decade agoFavorite Answer
Property Division - Equitable distribution for a married couple
There is no magical formula for dividing property acquired by the parties during their marriage. Generally speaking, courts treat any property owned or acquired during the marriage as a marital asset. Therefore, the parties must reach an agreement on how to divide that asset, or else ask the court to make that decision for them. You should first determine what property division procedure applies in your state. In most states, the court applies an equitable distribution law, which requires the judge to effectuate a fair and equitable division of property between the parties, which may or may not be a 50/50 split. In other states, primarily in the West and Southwest, the courts may apply a community property law. Some jurisdictions also abide by a title procedure, which conveys property to the title holder.
In equitable distribution states, a party can generally assume that he or she is entitled to fifty percent of the real estate, personal property, bank accounts, retirement funds, and other assets acquired during the marriage. However, this is not a hard-and-fast rule. Depending on how much has been awarded in alimony and child support, and what other personal and financial circumstances exist; a court may award a greater or lesser portion of the property to one spouse or the other. There are very complicated rules for dividing pensions and retirement benefits, and for splitting stock options and other employment benefits.
Similarly, there are many complicated rules for dividing real estate and other property that may have been acquired by one of the parties prior to the marriage, but which may have increased in value during the marriage. A party may have an “equitable” interest in property, even if she does not own the property, and even if her name appears nowhere on the title.
Parties getting divorced must be careful when they incur debt or purchase property after separating. In some states, any action taken after the date of separation will be attributable only to the spouse taking the action. In such states, if a party purchases a car after separating from his spouse, he will be responsible alone for the costs associated with the car. On the other hand, he may not be required to share the winnings from a lottery jackpot if he purchases the winning ticket after separating from his spouse. In other states, the cutoff date is the day on which either party files the complaint for divorce or the petition for dissolution of marriage. In states that apply this rule, both parties may be responsible for debts and obligations as well as assets and income acquired right up until the first paper is filed in court, regardless of whether they separated at an earlier point in time. Yet another approach is to treat all assets and liabilities as being marital until the case is concluded, and until the judge enters a final judgment or decree in divorce. Thus, under this approach, any property purchased, or debts incurred, until the parties are legally divorced would constitute marital assets or marital debts.
For Other couples:
In 2004, the Legislature passed the Domestic Partnership Act, making available to committed same-sex couples “certain rights and benefits that are accorded to married couples under the laws of New Jersey.” With same-sex partners in mind, the Legislature declared that “[t]here are a significant number of individuals in this State who choose to live together in important personal, emotional and economic committed relationships,” and that those “mutually supportive relationships should be formally recognized by statute,” The Legislature also acknowledged that such relationships “assist the State by their establishment of a private network of support for the financial, physical and emotional health of their participants.” ...
In passing the Act, the Legislature expressed its clear understanding of the human dimension that propelled it to provide relief to same-sex couples. It emphasized that the need for committed same-sex partners “to have access to these rights and benefits is paramount in view of their essential relationship to any reasonable conception of basic human dignity and autonomy, and the extent to which they will play an integral role in enabling these persons to enjoy their familial relationships as domestic partners.” Aside from federal decisions such as Romer v. Evans and Lawrence v. Texas, this State’s decisional law and sweeping legislative enactments, which protect gays and lesbians from sexual orientation discrimination in all its virulent forms, provide committed same-sex couples with a strong interest in equality of treatment relative to comparable heterosexual couples
In equitable distribution states, all property, whenever or however acquired, regardless of legal title, is subject to equal or unequal division.
Most states divide property according to equitable distribution statutes. Parties often have misconceptions about what is subject to division. For instance, in some states, if your spouse inherits money before marriage, even if the funds were always kept in his name and he never used them for family purposes, the funds are still subject to division. Such funds are part of the marital estate subject to equitable division. In this situation the division could be unequal, especially if the marriage was of short duration.
Each state’s divorce laws set forth mandatory "factors" judges must consider before making an equitable property division or awarding alimony. Some states also have "discretionary" factors courts may consider. Here are some mandatory "factors" incorporated into most state laws. Ask you lawyer for a copy of your state’s statute.
Talk to an attorney for legal advise - one that is knows realestate.
- 4 years ago
Have the house professional assessed for current market value. Take the value of the house during the divorce and divide that in half. Take any additional value or lower value into consideration- add or subtract half of that from the original value at time of divoce. He should be paid or pay the difference to you directly by remortgaging or in cash. Then you are off the mortgage and he is responsible for the balance. Speak with a lawyer and a banker about how they can help you do this. Otherwise put it up for sale and he takes his chances in the open market. You still get your half. Just don't let him move in without expectations of payments and when it will be put on the market and what will happen if he doesn't move within a certain timeframe.
- Marissa DiLv 51 decade ago
Get to the lawyer you talked with, and make arrangements. If you don't act, some of your possessions may disappear.
Don't expect your housemate to sign off, or keep after him yourself, if he's already said no once.
Have the papers ready, and a safe place to live and store your valuables once the papers are served. it may take your housemate up to 30 days to vacate, and can ruin the sale of your property. You need to proceed with caution.
How can the selling agent hand over the keys to your home to the buyer if your housemate won't move, or agree to anything?
You are looking at an eviction to begin with, although there are several ways the lawyer may want to handle this. He may try mediation, although ask up front exactly how long this process can go on, if your housemate contributes to the upkeep. You are right to concentrate on the down payment, etc. Let your housemate take it over with his brother, and make it a place you wouldn't leave your dog.
Get your money and move on.Source(s): me
- 1 decade ago
You definitely need an attorney to handle this for you. Most states will apply equitable principles to divide joint property. You'll need to be able to prove how much you have put into the house, and how little he has contributed.
On a practical note, I would photograph or videotape the home before you sue to have it sold and divided, in case he goes nuts and destroys it. You will be able to show the condition before he got angry at you for suing, and after.
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- Katherine WLv 71 decade ago
Yes you can force the sale. Why didn't you believe the lawyer? Pay a real-estate lawyer to handle this, it's well worth it.