I am also not sure why you mean by what are the elements of history. But i think the elements are in the acronym PERSIA
P= Politics, who government influenced society
E= Economics, where money dominates and effects people. Most social classes are based on money and money is usually what causes conflict in history.
R= Religion, a total impact on Europe during the 15th century, Religion is important in that it effects one's beliefs an thoughts
S=Social, how the the upper clas, middle class, and poor class communicates, and how they interact with each other
I=Intellectual, intelligence and knowledge that has progress in history. such as the Scientific Revolution and Enlgihtenment
A=Art, paintings and pictures that have been done by artists like Leonardo Da Vinci
HOpe this helps!
i've been in ap world history