Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Science & MathematicsMedicine · 1 decade ago

I Just Saw Another Ad for a Osteoclast Inhibitor, Are There Any Long-Term Studies (Let's Say, > 5 Years)?

Update:

Thanks April, I Need to Do Some Research.

Update 2:

Thanks K, the Study Appears to Be What I was Looking for.

3 Answers

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  • K
    Lv 5
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    Got lots of hits on "Medline", but need to be specific in terms of the type of osteoclast inhibitor. I'm attaching an abstract of a longitudinal study (5 years) that has investigated the impact of Alendronate on hip bone mineral density, other BMD's, and biochemical markers of bone remodelling. It's the most recent one I could find...If you have a specific inhibitor in mind or type of 'efficacy marker', I can easily search for others :-).

    Black, Dennis M. Schwartz, Ann V. Ensrud, Kristine E. Cauley, Jane A. Levis, Silvina. Quandt, Sara A. Satterfield, Suzanne. Wallace, Robert B. Bauer, Douglas C. Palermo, Lisa. Wehren, Lois E. Lombardi, Antonio. Santora, Arthur C. Cummings, Steven R. FLEX Research Group.

    Effects of continuing or stopping alendronate after 5 years of treatment: the Fracture Intervention Trial Long-term Extension (FLEX): a randomized trial.

    JAMA. 2006 Dec 27;296(24):2968-9

    CONTEXT: The optimal duration of treatment of women with postmenopausal osteoporosis is uncertain. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of discontinuing alendronate treatment after 5 years vs continuing for 10 years. DESIGN AND SETTING: Randomized, double-blind trial conducted at 10 US clinical centers that participated in the Fracture Intervention Trial (FIT). PARTICIPANTS: One thousand ninety-nine postmenopausal women who had been randomized to alendronate in FIT, with a mean of 5 years of prior alendronate treatment. INTERVENTION: Randomization to alendronate, 5 mg/d (n = 329) or 10 mg/d (n = 333), or placebo (n = 437) for 5 years (1998-2003). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was total hip bone mineral density (BMD); secondary measures were BMD at other sites and biochemical markers of bone remodeling. An exploratory outcome measure was fracture incidence. RESULTS: Compared with continuing alendronate, switching to placebo for 5 years resulted in declines in BMD at the total hip (-2.4%; 95% confidence interval [CI], -2.9% to -1.8%; P<.001) and spine (-3.7%; 95% CI, -4.5% to -3.0%; P<.001), but mean levels remained at or above pretreatment levels 10 years earlier. Similarly, those discontinuing alendronate had increased serum markers of bone turnover compared with continuing alendronate: 55.6% (P<.001) for C-telopeptide of type 1 collagen, 59.5% (P < .001) for serum n = propeptide of type 1 collagen, and 28.1% (P<.001) for bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, but after 5 years without therapy, bone marker levels remained somewhat below pretreatment levels 10 years earlier. After 5 years, the cumulative risk of nonvertebral fractures (RR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.76-1.32) was not significantly different between those continuing (19%) and discontinuing (18.9%) alendronate. Among those who continued, there was a significantly lower risk of clinically recognized vertebral fractures (5.3% for placebo and 2.4% for alendronate; RR, 0.45; 95% CI, 0.24-0.85) but no significant reduction in morphometric vertebral fractures (11.3% for placebo and 9.8% for alendronate; RR, 0.86; 95% CI, 0.60-1.22). A small sample of 18 transilial bone biopsies did not show any qualitative abnormalities, with bone turnover (double labeling) seen in all specimens. CONCLUSIONS: Women who discontinued alendronate after 5 years showed a moderate decline in BMD and a gradual rise in biochemical markers but no higher fracture risk other than for clinical vertebral fractures compared with those who continued alendronate. These results suggest that for many women, discontinuation of alendronate for up to 5 years does not appear to significantly increase fracture risk. However, women at very high risk of clinical vertebral fractures may benefit by continuing beyond 5 years.

    EDIT:: Cool....but, now need to find a new reason to procrastinate my own work. Frick :-)

  • 1 decade ago

    Call this Osteaclast Inhibitor up on the web it will floor you in the amount of studies done.

    Source(s): web
  • April
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    Sure -- all kinds of stuff of Fosamax.

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