Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 decade ago

What were the five big companies in Hawaii during the 1900's?

2 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
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    Aloha ---- ---- Hmmm, well that can be a bit confusing because several companies were in a state of fluxuation throughtout the 1900's and what was BIG in 1900 might be exstinct thirty years later. Or their name changed along the way, etc...... Most of the names still in use today can trace their origins back to 1900 and an off the top of my head list would be // 1) AMFAC or as it was known in 1918 American Factors, 2) Dole Pineapple Company, 3) Maui Land & Pineapple, 4) Hawai'i'an Dredging, and 5) Matson Cargo Shipping ---

    Here is a snippet of Wikipedia;;;;,_Inc.

    "Amfac Hawaii, LLC was a land development company in Hawaii. Founded in 1849 as a retail and sugar business, it was considered one of the so-called Big Five companies in territorial Hawaii. At its peak it owned 60,000 acres (240 km²) of land, and was a dominant sugar company in Hawaii as well the founder of one of its best known department stores, Liberty House. It now owns 5,000 acres (20 km²) of land in Kaanapali on the island of Maui and is now known as Kaanapali Land, LLC.

    German immigrant Heinrich Hackfeld and his brother in law J.C. Pflueger founded H. Hackfeld and Co. in 1849 in Honolulu. Hackfeld later became the business agent for Koloa Plantation on the island of Kaua'i. During World War I, the company was seized by the U.S. government along with other assets owned by Germans. It was later sold to a consortium of Hawaii business men in 1918, which changed the name to American Factors, Inc.. In 1966, the name was further shortened to Amfac, Inc.

    Amfac was bought by Chicago-based JMB Realty in 1988 for USD $920 million. As the sugar industry in Hawaii declined after statehood, so did the fortunes of Amfac. Amfac's assets were gradually sold off. Liberty House went into bankruptcy in 1998 (it was later acquired by Federated Department Stores and now carries the Macy's brand name), and the company went into Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 2002.""


    ""Dole was founded in 1901 in Hawaiʻi as Hawaiian Pineapple Company by James Dole, who opened his first pineapple plantation in the central plateau of the Hawaiian island of Oʻahu. Today the company does business in over 90 countries and takes in upwards of $5.3 billion in annual revenue. It is owned by billionaire David H. Murdock."


    Matson Navigation Company, a subsidiary of Alexander & Baldwin, is a private ocean transportation company with roots extending into the late 19th century. It is credited with introducing mass tourism to Hawaii with the opening of the Moana Hotel (now known as the Moana Surfrider Hotel) and the Royal Hawaiian Hotel in Waikiki on the island of Oahu.

    Primarily a purveyor of cargo, Matson also introduced into service a number of passenger liners to capitalize on the burgeoning tourist trade. From the early 20th century through the 1970s, Matson liners sailed from the west coast ports of San Francisco and Los Angeles to Honolulu and points beyond, including a handful of South Pacific ports of call as well as Australia and New Zealand. Two of their earlier passenger-cargo liners, the SS Maui and the SS Wilhelmina, were the first passenger ships to place their engines aft. Among the famed "white ships of Matson" were the Malolo, Lurline, Matsonia, Mariposa and Monterey. With the advent and expansion of routine air travel between the mainland and the islands, Matson's famed passenger service was greatly diminished and the liners were eventually retired from transpacific service and virtually gone by the end of the 1970s.

    Matson is still the dominant cargo transportation company in Hawaii. Visitors to the islands will notice that the vast majority of cargo containers at any Hawaiian port bear the company's logo. Matson's main competitor in the U.S. domestic market is Horizon Lines."


    """Hawaiian Dredging Construction Company has a great story to tell. A young entrepreneur in 1902 Honolulu had a vision and we became the reality. We are Hawaii's oldest and largest full-service construction company. """

    And finally --

    """The Baldwin family’s experimentation with hala kahiki, or pineapple, began in 1890, when D. Dwight Baldwin first planted the fruit in Ha`iku, in East Maui. His brother H.P. Baldwin predicted a golden future for the sweet fruit, and in 1903 he and D. Dwight Baldwin formed Haiku Fruit & Packing Company, Inc., giving birth to the pineapple industry on Maui. H.P. Baldwin owned more land suitable for pineapple cultivation, and in 1909 he formed Keahua Ranch Company, Ltd., which became the Maui Pineapple Company, Ltd. in 1932.

    The Baldwins continued to expand their holdings, making approximately 125 purchases between 1889 and 1910, and an additional 100 purchases between 1912 and 1923. In West Maui, the family’s holdings were known as Honolua Ranch, which was devoted to raising cattle and farming taro, mango, aloe and coffee beans. Scottish Ranch Manager David T. Fleming added pineapple to the Ranch’s operations in 1912, and in 1924 Honolua Ranch became Baldwin Packers, which sold pineapple under its own company labels. By 1933 Baldwin Packers owned and managed over 22,600 acres on Maui""

    Enough -- hope this helps...


  • 4 years ago

    1.) C. Brewer & Co. - They were responsible for the sugar industry. When C. Brewer became partners with Theo H. Davies, they created the C & H Pure cane sugar logo, which is now famous today. 2.) Theo H. Davies & Co. - Co-founder of the C & H sugar industry. 3.) Amfac - Founder of the department stores in all the Hawaiian Islands, called Liberty House which was closed down. The Amfac company was bought out by the Federated Co. which is now called MACYS. 4.) Castle and Cook - Co founders of the Pineapple juice industry. Now known as the Dole Food Company. 5.) Alexander and Baldwin - All responsible for shipping, sugar cane, real estate, and diversified agriculture.

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