Anthropology and sociology are both concerned with human behavior in its social context. Sociology concerns itself with social relationships, social classes, social movements, and organizations among people or groups within industrialized societies. Anthropologists also study social behavior, but where sociologists focus on groups in modern urban societies, anthropologists traditionally paid more attention to preliterate people, and then to non-western cultures. In recent years, this distinction has broken down to a degree, for anthropologists now also study social behavior in westernized societies. Yet anthropologists are more likely to compare these societies with ‘traditional’ societies. In this sense, anthropology encompasses a broader historical and geographical span than does sociology. These two disciplines were one in the 19th century, and are starting to converge again as more anthropologists shift focus to modern cities. However, there is still an emphasis in anthropology on ‘culture’ and in sociology on ‘society’.
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