causes of the mexican revolution?
the end of the mexican revolution waht happened
- johnslatLv 71 decade agoFavorite Answer
"The Mexican Revolution was brought on by, among other factors, tremendous disagreement among the Mexican people over the dictatorship of President Porfirio Diaz , who, all told, stayed in office for thirty one years. During that span, power was concentrated in the hands of a select few; the people had no power to express their opinions or select their public officials. Wealth was likewise concentrated in the hands of the few, and injustice was everywhere, in the cities and the countryside alike.
Early in the 20th Century, a new generation of young leaders arose who wanted to participate in the political life of their country, but they were denied the opportunity by the officials who were already entrenched in power and who were not about to give it up. This group of young leaders believed that they could assume their proper role in Mexican politics once President Diaz announced publicly that Mexico was ready for democracy. Although the Mexican Constitution called for public election and other institutions of democracy, Diaz and his supporters used their political and economic resources to stay in power indefinitely.
Francisco I. Madero was one of the strongest believers that President Diaz should renounce his power and not seek re-election. Together with other young reformers, Madero created the ''Anti-reeleccionista'' Party, which he represented in subsequent presidential elections. Between elections, Madero travelled throughout the country, campaigning for his ideas.
Francisco I. Madero was a firm supporter of democracy and of making government subject to the strict limits of the law, and the success of Madero's movement made him a threat in the eyes of President Diaz. Shortly before the elections of 1910, Madero was apprehended in Monterrey and imprisoned in San Luis Potosi. Learning of Diaz's re-election, Madero fled to the United States in October of 1910. In exile, he issued the ''Plan of San Luis,'' a manifesto which declared that the elections had been a fraud and that he would not recognize Porfirio Diaz as the legitimate President of the Republic.
Instead, Madero make the daring move of declaring himself President Pro-Temp until new elections could be held. Madero promised to return all land which had been confiscated from the peasants, and he called for universal voting rights and for a limit of one term for the president. Madero's call for an uprising on November 20th, 1910, marked the beginning of the Mexican Revolution.
On November 14th, in Cuchillo Parado in the state of Chihuahua, Toribio Ortega and a small group of followers took up arms. On the 18th in Puebla, Diaz's authorities uncovered preparations for an uprising in the home of the brothers Maximo and Aquiles Serdan, who where made to pay with their lives. Back in Chihuahua, Madero was able to persuade Pascual Orozco and Francisco Villa to join the revolution. Though they had no military experience, Orozco and Villa proved to be excellent strategists, and they earned the allegiance of the people of northern Mexico, who were particularly unhappy about the abusive ranchers and landlords who ran the North.
In March of 1911, Emiliano Zapata led the uprising of the peasants of Morelos to claim their rights over local land and water. At the same time, armed revolt began in many other parts of the country. The "Maderista" troops, and the national anger which inspired them, defeated the army of Diaz within six months. The decisive victory of the Mexican Revolution was the capture of Ciudad Juarez, just across the river from El Paso, by Orozco and Villa. Porfirio Diaz then resigned as President and fled to exile in France, where he died in 1915.
With the collapse of the Diaz regime, the Mexican Congress elected Francisco Leon De La Barra as President Pro-Temp and called for national popular elections, which resulted in the victory of Francisco I. Madero as President and Jose Maria Pino Suarez as Vice-President."
Here's a sample from another site:
"TIMELINE OF THE MEXICAN REVOLUTION: 1910 - 1920
The "Mexican Revolution" is not an easy thing to define, even in a strictly political sense: it can easily be defined as spanning the years from 1910 through World War II, and arguably it has simply never ended, the current Zapatista movement in Chiapas and elsewhere being an extension of the same fundamental conflict.
I have noticed, in speaking with Mexicans, that they refer to the conflict not as "the Mexican Revolution" so much as they do "the Civil War," indicating a perspective that better describes the conflict - there were many sides, fading into and out of each other, with as many as six distinct armed political entities fighting among themselves at a single time.
The conflict is one concerning land and the basic livelihood of the peasants, with a layer of more typically European "Marxist" struggle existing in the cities. Mexico under Porfirio Diaz became a dictatorship that increasingly denied the rights of the poor in favor of the existing landed gentry and urban elites. This situation became unbearable and errupted into armed violence in 1910-1911, triggered by Diaz' heavy-handed behavior in the presidential elections. In 1920, the period of intensive violence ends with the ascension of Obregon to the presidential seat, after a concerted effort to negotiate a peace with the various factions. This period is the one described here, although neither the Revolution nor armed conflict for revolutionary causes had by any means ended."
See link 2 for more, please.Source(s): http://188.8.131.52/search?q=cache:o1Nv5qteQsgJ:w... http://184.108.40.206/search?q=cache:ygnlj2RPM9MJ:w...
- klipfelLv 44 years ago
the foremost factor of the revolution replaced into against dictatorship. Mexico replaced into ruled by way of long line of dictators. Porifio Diaz replaced right into a dictator that replaced into President of Mexico for over 30 years. till Francisco Madero rose up and demanded that Diaz positioned as much as an truthful election by way of the folk. Madero won the election and replaced into the 1st President of Mexico to ever have been elected by way of the folk in a democracy. Diaz did step down. Francisco Madero had to take the skill far off from the small team of those that hung directly to the skill for see you later, enforce political reforms in redistributing the political skill between the folk. He well-known the anti-relection rule so as that the President can basically serve one term, with the intention to resign an identical guy or woman in being in the Presidency for see you later. Francisco Madero additionally replaced into going to place limitations on foreigners who have been abusing the organic materials of Mexico alongside with oil and minerals. That angered the yank Ambassador Henry Lane Wilson who needed Francisco Madero out of the Presidency. Henry Lane Wilson conspired with Victoriano Huerta to eliminate Francisco Madero. In 1913, Francisco Madero and his vp have been assasinated whch led to Pancho Villa and various of the rustic to combat against the folk who have been against Madero (The Revolution). in short - The Revolution replaced into against the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz and Victoriano Huerta.
- CanProfLv 71 decade ago
For most of Mexico's developing history, a small minority of the people were in control of most of the country's power and wealth, while the majority of the population worked in poverty. As the rift between the poor and rich grew under the leadership of General Diaz, the political voice of the lower classes was also declining. Opposition of Diaz did surface, when Francisco I. Madero, educated in Europe and at the University of California, led a series of strikes throughout the country.
Diaz was pressured into holding an election in 1910, in which Madero was able to gather a significant number of the votes. Although Diaz was at one time a strong supporter of the one-term limit, he seemed to have changed his mind and had Madero imprisoned, feeling that the people of Mexico just weren't ready for democracy.
Once Madero was released from prison, he continued his battle against Diaz in an attempt to have him overthrown. During this time, several other Mexican folk heros began to emerge, including the well known Pancho Villa in the north, and the peasant Emiliano Zapata in the south, who were able to harass the Mexican army and wrest control of their respective regions. Díaz was unable to control the spread of the insurgence and resigned in May, 1911, with the signing of the Treaty of Ciudad Juarez, after which he fled to France.
Madero was elected president, but received opposition from Emiliano Zapata who didn't wish to wait for the orderly implementation of Madero's desired land reforms. In November of the same year Zapata denounced Madero as president and took the position for himself. He controlled the state of Morelos, where he chased out the estate owners and divided their lands to the peasants. Later, in 1919, Zapata was assassinated by Jesus Guajardo acting under orders from General Pablo Gonzalez.
It was during this time that the country broke into many different factions, and guerilla units roamed across the country destroying and burning down many large haciendas and ranchos. Madero was later taken prisoner and executed and the entire country existed in a state of disorder for several years, while Pancho Villa rampaged through the north, and different factions fought for presidential control.
Eventually, Venustiano Carranza rose to the presidency, and organized an important convention whose outcome was the Constitution of 1917, which is still in effect today. Carranza made land reform an important part of that constitution. This resulted in the ejido, or farm cooperative program that redistributed much of the country's land from the wealthy land holders to the peasants. The ejidos are still in place today and comprise nearly half of all the farmland in Mexico.
Carranza was followed by others who would fight for political control, and who would eventually continue with the reforms, both in education and land distribution. During this period the PRI political party was established, which was the dominant political power for 71 years until Vicente Fox of the conservative PAN party was elected.Source(s): http://www.mexonline.com/revolution.htm
- Anonymous5 years ago
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- 4 years ago