Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

專業醫學英文~麻煩高手解答~不要翻譯機的唷

At variance with the American Urological Association, we would not routinely recommend cystoscopy for all persons older than 40 years of

age, since we believe that such a recommendation would lead to unnecessary testing, with the attendant expense and potential risks associated with this invasive procedure; we would, however, recommend

yearly follow-up with urinalysis. Recognizing the trend toward a higher incidence of bladder cancer with advancing age, we would advise men and women older than 50 years of age who have persistent

microscopic hematuria to undergo cystoscopy.

Cystoscopy is also recommended if gross hematuria evelops, because this finding is associated with a igher risk of urologic cancer than is microscopic ematuria

3 Answers

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  • 偉敦
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    由於美國泌尿協會仍存有歧見,我們不願像日常般推薦40歲以上的

    人做膀胱鏡檢查,自從我們認為這個建議會造成不必要的檢驗,

    其過程具侵入性並伴隨產生費用和潛在風險;然而我們會推薦每

    年持續做尿液檢驗。體認到隨著年紀成長膀胱癌發生的趨勢越

    高,我們會建議50歲以上有微血尿的男人和女人接受膀胱鏡檢

    查。若存有肉眼性血尿才會推薦做膀胱鏡檢查,因為這個(肉眼性

    血尿)發生時會比微血尿罹患膀胱癌的風險更高。

    ---->在醫學上,尿液中紅細胞增多或肉眼見到紅色尿﹐稱為血尿;

    外觀紅色之血尿我們稱為肉眼性血尿(Gross hematuria); 肉眼看

    不出血尿,但尿中仍存在紅血球的血尿,我們稱之為「顯微鏡下

    血尿」或微血尿(Microscopic hematuria)。

    Source(s):
  • 1 decade ago

    因為這篇已經有人翻了,我就不翻啦~~~

  • Truman
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    因為各個美國泌尿醫學相關機構本身仍存有歧見,我們不建議四十歲以上的人都必須要做例行性的膀胱鏡檢查,因為伴隨著費用以及侵犯性可能造成危險的考量,這項檢查不需要建議為例行檢查,我們認為應改為建議追蹤性的尿液分析,當然我們也知道膀胱癌的發生機率會隨著年紀而增加,我們還是會建議如果五十歲以上的人即使只有微性血尿,還是應該接受膀胱鏡檢查

    如果有明顯血尿的情況,還是建議要接受膀胱鏡檢查,因為這會比微性血尿更有可能已經發生泌尿系統的癌症

    Source(s): 自己
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