Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Education & ReferenceHomework Help · 1 decade ago

What are some endangered species of plants in the rainforest?

I also need to know what peoples live in the rain forest.

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  • Gar
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
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    This question you have posted is very broad and big because the rainforest covers so many continents Africa, America. Asia and Australia there are many various endangered species which are becoming extinct every day which is quite alarming. Today, tropical rainforests are found in about 85 countries yet almost 90% of these forests are concentrated into mainly fifteen countries.Tropical rainforests are located near the equator, where temperatures are at least 24 to 30 degrees celsius all year round.

    One unique feature of the rainforest that makes it so important and special is that it contains a huge number and a vast diversity of plant and animal species. In fact, although all the rainforests when combined together, cover only about two per cent of the Earth’s surface; they contain about half the world’s species of plants and animals. A typical forest in the United States of America may contain about 5 to 12 different species of trees, while a typical rainforest may have more than 300 different species. Rainforests usually contain 10 times more tree species and 5 times more bird species than temperate forests. A good example is the Amazon forest in South America which is home to more than 1600 species of birds and about a million different kinds of insects. Tiny Panama has as many species of plants as all of Europe. Ecuador, which is about the size of Colorado, has twice as many species of birds as the United States and Canada combined!!!!

    The tropical rainforests also have the honour of being the Earth's oldest continuous ecosystem. Scientists have found fossils that indicate that the rainforests in South-East Asia have existed for about 70 to 100 million years.

    Here is a couple of endangered species of plants.

    The Guatemalan Fir- Abies Guatemalensis is extremely endangered. While Guatemala's steamy jungles are sub-tropical, mountains and volcanic peaks more than 4,800 feet (3,000 meters) above sea level make parts of the country perfect for firs. This is the southernmost place in the world where they grow naturally. Guatemala's only fir once adorned mountaintops across the country. But since Christmas trees have become fashionable during the last 50 years it has vanished from all but a few isolated pockets that poachers can easily penetrate.As an emergency measure aimed at saving the species, firs are being imported from Canada. But demand remains as many Guatemalans insist on the home-grown variety that gives off a unique lemon and rosemary scent they associate with Santa Claus and holly.Over half the world's Guatemalensis Firs grow amid pine trees in a communal forest and natural reserve in the mainly Maya Indian department of Totonicapan in Guatemala's western highlands.Poachers rip off new branches and seed cones, preventing them from reproducing.

    In Totonicapan, since 1993 a 108,000-strong association of Mayas from surrounding villages keen to protect vital springs trickling down through the forest to their tiny plots of land, have patrolled the area in a battle to keep poachers out.

    Another endangered plant is Hyophorbe amaricaulis (synonym, Mascarena revaughanii L. H. Bailey) is a hurricane palm of the order Arecales, Family Arecaceae, Subfamily Ceroxyloideae, Tribe Hyophorbeae. It is found exclusively on the island of Mauritius, and only a single surviving specimen has been documented in the Jardin Botanique de Curepipe, which makes this as gravely threatened a species as there is, in any kingdom. It is reported to set white to cream-colored flowers, but years and years of efforts have not resulted in fertile offspring.The palm is about 12 meters high with a relatively thin gray trunk with a waxy crown shank. It is related to the bottle palm and spindle palm. It is said to resemmble the the green variety of H. indica

    To find out more endangered species of plants you will find at the link below.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Official_list_of_enda...

    People have lived in and around tropical rainforests for many thousands of years. During most of that time, the relationship was very compatible. Forest people used small amounts of the rainforest to build their homes, burn as fire wood and use as medicine and food. These people were indigenous and semi-nomadic, which means they lived in the rainforest and moved their village when they needed to find new supplies of food or to higher ground when it flooded.Some traditional rainforest cultures still live in the forests, traveling as a group collecting and hunting for food. As rainforests are destroyed so are the homes of these interesting and amazing people.Today, a few of these rainforest cultures still live in West Africa, Borneo and the Amazon. They know the forest better than any scientist. They could be our best rainforest teachers.Life is changing very rapidly for rainforest people. Roads are often built through the rainforest for exploration, to find oil and gas, minerals like gold and coltran, and for logging. These roads and developments often chop up the traditional home lands of the local culture. Outside people also bring diseases new to rainforest people like colds, pneumonia, and measles. All these things are making rainforest people endangered like many of the wildlife species and plants of the forest.

    Humans also inhabit the rainforests. Most of these people are indigenous, or Indian. It is estimated that there are over 1,000 or more indigenous groups around the world, but they are also becoming extinct. "In 1900, Brazil had one million Indians. Today, there are fewer than 200,000 in the Amazon."

    Brazil has approximately 170 minor languages today. The great majority of them is spoken in indigenous reservations located in the states of Amazonas (62), Mato-Grosso (28), Pará(25), Rondonia (25) and Roraima (11). Most of these languages are part of one of the five major linguistic groups of Brazil: Tupi, Macro-Ge, Karib, Aruak, and Pano.

    The total number of speakers of the Brazilian Indigenous languages is approximately 150,000. Whereas some languages have thousands of speakers and are being actively learned by children, many others are in precarious conditions. For example, the Xipaya (Juruna family, Tupi stock) language is now spoken by only two older women in Altamira, Pará. The last two speakers of Puruborá, the only language of the Puruborá family of the Tupi stock (listed as extinct for the last thirty years) were recently discovered, but they hadn't spoken the language for 40 years and could remember less than 200 words.

    The Tupinambá (the indigenous language which mainly influenced Brazilian Portuguese, is today extinct, even though elements of it survived in the "Lingua Geral Amazonica" or Nheengatu, a language which retains qualities of Portuguese and Tupinambá, having been largely spoken in Amazonia in the XVII, XVIII and XIX centuries. Its descendant today is called Nheengatu, which is spoken, among other regions, in the upper Rio ***** (NW Amazonia).

    The great majority of the Brazilian indians are at least bilingual, since, apart from their own language, they speak Portuguese. Multilingualism can also be found in certain regions, such as the eastern Uape's river, where Tukano po- pulations, due to exogamous marriages and linguistic purism, speak in average 3 to 5 languages.

    I

    This weblink below is particularly useful

    http://www.fws.gov/Endangered/Why_Save_End_Species...

    And are the ones below.

  • Anonymous
    6 years ago

    This Site Might Help You.

    RE:

    What are some endangered species of plants in the rainforest?

    I also need to know what peoples live in the rain forest.

    Source(s): endangered species plants rainforest: https://tr.im/xVs6a
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