how does the corruption of "rotteness in the state of denmark parallel the corruption in Hamlet's family?

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    Parallel means equal to. In what ways is the state of Denmark rotten? The play starts out at night. The night is symbolic of hard times. Francisco says "Tis bitter cold, And I am sick at heart." The cold, like the night, is symbolic of difficulties. And even though he does not go on to explain, he is "sick at heart". That tells you something is wrong. The fact that there are guards posted is a sign things are not right. Guards most likely would not be posted in peaceful times. In Scene 2, you see the new king, Claudius, sending Cornelius and Voltemand on an errand to communicate with a neighboring King. Although its not specific what is going on, there is obviously battles being fought somewhere in the region. And then corruption in Hamlet's family. First of all, Hamlet is a student at university in Germany. He is home in Denmark on an extended stay because of his father's death first of all, and then rather than being able to go back to school, it turns out his uncle is going to marry his mother. Hamlet is repulsed at the idea his mother would marry so quickly after his father's death but also that she would marry her dead husband's brother. This makes Hamlet's uncle King. Sounds suspicious? Hamlet's intuition is proven correct when he is brought to where the guard stands at night and the ghost is in fact his father who tells Hamlet he did not die peacefully in his sleep as everyone thought, he was murdered. Murdered by his own brother. Fraticide. This is the worst of betrayal. These are the events that set the action for the rest of the play. Hamlet attempts to set things right.

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