Anyone know about reconstruction??

Plessy vs. Ferguson


The Black Codes


Bureau of refugees Freedmen and Abandoned Lands


Jim Crow Laws


Amendments 14 and 15


Civil Rights act of 1875


Poll Tax


Grandfather Clause


Any of them at all

I need help!!

Someone please!

Also can you think of a catchy title for a pamphlet on the reconstruction

2 Answers

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Plessy v. Ferguson was a landmark decision of the Supreme Court of the United States concerning racial segregation. In this 1896 ruling, the court established the policy of "separate but equal" public facilities for blacks and whites. The decision formed the basis of widespread segregation in the South for over 50 years.

    Jim Crow Laws: Jim Crow refers to practices, institutions, or laws that result from or support segregation of blacks from whites. The term came into common use in the 1880's, when racial segregation was made legal in many parts of the Southern United States. The term originally referred to a black character in a popular song composed in the 1830's. Jim Crow laws required the separation of races in many public places. However, most of these laws were declared invalid by several Supreme Court decisions in the 1950's and 1960's and by the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1968.

    Poll Tax: a tax levied equally on all the citizens of a community. The amount of the tax is the same for a poor person as it is for a rich one. The term poll tax comes from the old English word poll, which means head. Many people refer to it as a head tax. A poll tax is sometimes called a capitation tax, from the Latin word caput, meaning head. Some people object to poll taxes because they feel taxes should be based only on income and property. However, many economists favor poll taxes because they believe that such taxes do not lessen a person's incentive to earn more money.

    Grandfather clause: in modern law, refers to any legal provision that excuses an individual or corporation from a requirement or prohibition because the person or corporation has enjoyed a certain privilege or right at some time in the past. For example, a law that requires teachers to be certified may include a grandfather clause that allows teachers working when the law was passed to continue teaching without certification.

    Black codes were state laws regulating the activities of blacks in the Southern United States after the American Civil War. When slavery was abolished in 1865, Southerners used black codes to retain control over blacks. The laws varied in strictness and detail from state to state. They restricted the civil rights of blacks, and generally treated them as social and civil inferiors. Some forbade blacks to own land or carry arms. During the Reconstruction period between 1865 and 1877, the military governors who controlled the South suspended the black codes. In 1866, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act. The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution, which protects the rights of blacks, was ratified in 1868.

    Amendment 14 and 15 are both civil rights amendments: 14 (7/9/1868): All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

    15(2/3/1870): The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

    Bureau of refugees Freedmen and Abandoned Lands: To help the freed slaves and homeless whites, Congress established the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. The agency, better known as the Freedmen's Bureau, operated from 1865 until 1872. It issued food and supplies to blacks; set up more than 100 hospitals; resettled more than 30,000 people; and founded over 4,300 schools.

    *Jim Crows Grandfather

    *Reconstruction in Retrospect

    *Reconstruction: The concurrent Building up and knocking down of the African American Community.

    *I need more time to think

  • 1 decade ago

    that is easy just type them in google or yahoo, you should a summary of them there

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