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港農業情況

五、六十年代,在新界郊區到處可見農田,最主要地區為元朗、錦田一帶。到八十年代香港經濟發展迅速。

元朗是香港在以前農業資源最豐富的地區,主要以產米為主,曾經有一段時間(我記得是戰前)有產米出口到美國等地。不過戰後情況就改變,因為大量來自東南亞的米入口本港,導至米價下跌,在香港種米就變成無利可圖,這是改變香港新界農業最主要的原因。

面對入口米的競爭,新界的農業就要轉型,首先就是有部份農戶棄耕,而當時政府對失業的農民,就協助他們申請去英國及歐洲的工作紙,安排這些農民到外地工作,主要是做餐廳。這亦造成有許多新界原居民在九七前移居海外的原因。

至於未棄耕的農民,政府就提供技術及收購的援助,這工作主要由以前的漁農處做,在新界分別設立蔬菜統營處,為農民收購蔬菜,以鼓勵農民轉而生產輔食品如蔬菜等。另外又提供農業貸款,借給農民轉移飼養雞隻及豬隻,七、八十年代是新界家禽業發展繁榮的年代。不過好景不常,家禽業產生的污染問題,到九十年代成為新界農業結束的主要原因。

Update:

仲有呢段``

我們看到由八十年代中到今天的農業情況,一般人會以夕陽行業去形容農業。大概,大家都認為:

1.城市發展,土地緊張,農業產值太低,農業萎縮是正常的現象;

2.自由經濟,大陸農產品南下,香港生產成本貴,農業無可能復元;

3.香港地少人多,不適合發展農業;

4.承以上三點,沒有人願意投身農業;

6 Answers

Rating
  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Port agriculture situation Fifth, the 60's, in the New Territory suburb everywhereobviously farmland, the most main area are area Yuen Long, Jintian. Israpid to the 80's Hong Kong economy development. Yuen Long was Hong Kong in the before agriculture resources richestarea, mainly produced the rice primarily, once some period of time (Iremembered was prewar) has produces places such as rice export US. Butthe postwar situation changes, because massively comes from SoutheastAsia's rice entrance Hong Kong, leads to the price of rice falls,plants the rice in Hong Kong to turn has no benefits to be gained,this changes the Hong Kong New Territory agriculture most main reason. Facing enters the competition, New Territory's agriculture mustreform, first has the partial peasant household to abandon ploughs, atthat time but the government to the unemployment farmer, assisted themto apply for England and Europe worksheet, arranged these farmers tothe outside areas work, mainly makes the dining room. This alsocreates has many New Territory original inhabitants to migrate theoverseas reason in front of 97. As for has not abandoned the farmer which ploughs, the governmentprovides technical and the purchase aid, this work mainly did by thebefore fishing agriculture place, separately set up the vegetablesseries in New Territory good things, purchased the vegetables for thefarmer, encouraged the farmer to transfer produces the supplementaryfood like vegetables and so on. Moreover provides the agricultureloan, lends the farmer to shift the raising chicken only and pig,seven, the 80's are the New Territory domesticated fowl industrydevelopment prosperous ages. But the prosperity not often, thedomesticated fowl industry produces the contamination concern, becomesthe main reason to the 90's which the New Territory agriculturefinishes. We saw from the 80's in to today agricultural situation, the averageperson can describe the agriculture by the setting sun profession.Probably, everybody thought that,

    1. Urban development, land anxious, the agricultural output value toois low, the agriculture withers is the normal phenomenon;

    2. The free economy, the mainland agricultural product goes south,Hong Kong production cost expensive, the agriculture is not possible recover; 3. Hong Kong is over-populated, does not suit the developmentagriculture;

    4. Above receives 3., nobody is willing to join in the agriculture;

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  • 1 decade ago

    Agricultural situation in Hong Kong

    The fifties and the sisties, suburb can see farmland , for yuans of bright , Kintian area main area everywhere in New Territory. Hong Kong economy was developed rapidly by the eighties.

    It is Hong Kong in the most abundant area of agricultural resource of before that yuan are bright, rely mainly on producing the rice mainly, once produced the rice export to U.S.A. and other places for some time (I remembered it was prewar). But the situation changes after the war, because a large number of comes from this harbour of rice entry of Southeast Asia, lead and drop to the price of rice, planting the rice in Hong Kong becomes profitless, this is a reason which changes main Hong Kong New Territory agriculture.

    In the face of the competition of the entry rice, the agriculture of New Territory will make the transition soon, just some peasant households abandon and plough at first, and the government helped the job paper that they applied to go to Britain and Europe to unemployed peasants at that time, arrange for these peasants to go to the other places to work, mainly make the restaurant . This also causes reason why a lot of original residents in New Territory migrate abroad before nine seven.

    Have not abandoned peasants that ploughed, the aid that the government offered technology and purchased , this work is done from fishman in the past mainly, set up the place of interconnected system camp of vegetables separately in New Territory, purchasing the vegetables for peasants, for instance, the vegetables wait in order to encourage peasants to transfer to produce and complement the food. Extend credit to agriculture in addition , lend peasant is it raise chicken only reach the pig only to shift, seventh, the eighties were the times that the poultry industry of New Territory developed and prospered. But the good scene is seldom, the pollution problem emerging of poultry industry , become the main reason that agriculture of New Territory finished by the 1990s.

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  • 1 decade ago
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  • 1 decade ago

    Agricultural situation in Hong Kong

    The fifties and the sisties, suburb can see farmland , for yuans of bright , Kintian area main area everywhere in New Territory. Hong Kong economy was developed rapidly by the eighties.

    It is Hong Kong in the most abundant area of agricultural resource of before that yuan are bright, rely mainly on producing the rice mainly, once produced the rice export to U.S.A. and other places for some time (I remembered it was prewar). But the situation changes after the war, because a large number of comes from this harbour of rice entry of Southeast Asia, lead and drop to the price of rice, planting the rice in Hong Kong becomes profitless, this is a reason which changes main Hong Kong New Territory agriculture.

    In the face of the competition of the entry rice, the agriculture of New Territory will make the transition soon, just some peasant households abandon and plough at first, and the government helped the job paper that they applied to go to Britain and Europe to unemployed peasants at that time, arrange for these peasants to go to the other places to work, mainly make the restaurant . This also causes reason why a lot of original residents in New Territory migrate abroad before nine seven.

    Have not abandoned peasants that ploughed, the aid that the government offered technology and purchased , this work is done from fishman in the past mainly, set up the place of interconnected system camp of vegetables separately in New Territory, purchasing the vegetables for peasants, for instance, the vegetables wait in order to encourage peasants to transfer to produce and complement the food. Extend credit to agriculture in addition , lend peasant is it raise chicken only reach the pig only to shift, seventh, the eighties were the times that the poultry industry of New Territory developed and prospered. But the good scene is seldom, the pollution problem emerging of poultry industry , become the main reason that agriculture of New Territory finished by the 1990s.

    We saw it to today's agricultural situation from the eighties, common people will describe agriculture with the sunset industry . Probably, everybody thinks :

    1.The city develops, the land is in short , the agricultural output value is too low, it is a normal phenomenon that agriculture shrinks;

    2.Free economy, agricultural product go down south at the continent, the Hong Kong production cost is expensive, agriculture may recover ;

    3.Hong Kong little people many , unsuitable to develop agriculture;

    4.Bearing the above at three o'clock, nobody would like to join in agriculture;

    Source(s): 自己
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  • 1 decade ago

    The port agriculture situation five, the 60's, in the New Territory suburb everywhere obviously farmland, the most main area is area Yuen Long, Jintian. Is rapid to the 80's Hong Kong economy development. Yuen Long was Hong Kong in the before agriculture resources richest area, mainly produced the rice primarily, once some period of time (I remembered was prewar) has produces places such as rice export US. But the postwar situation changes, because massively comes from Southeast Asia's rice entrance Hong Kong, leads to the price of rice falls, plants the rice in Hong Kong to turn has no benefits to be gained, this changes the Hong Kong New Territory agriculture most main reason. Facing enters 口米 the competition, New Territory's agriculture must reform, first has the partial peasant household to abandon ploughs, at that time but the government to the unemployment farmer, assisted them to apply for England and Europe 工作紙, arranged these farmers to the outside areas work, mainly makes the dining room. This also creates has many New Territory original inhabitants to migrate the overseas reason in front of 97. As for has not abandoned the farmer which ploughs, the government provides technical and the purchase aid, this work mainly did by the before fishing agriculture place, separately set up the vegetables series in New Territory 營處, purchased the vegetables for the farmer, encouraged the farmer to transfer produces the supplementary food like vegetables and so on. Moreover provides the agriculture loan, lends the farmer to shift the raising chicken only and pig, seven, the 80's are the New Territory domesticated fowl industry development prosperous ages. But the prosperity not often, the domesticated fowl industry produces the contamination concern, becomes the main reason to the 90's which the New Territory agriculture finishes. We saw from the 80's in to today agricultural situation, the average person can describe the agriculture by the setting sun profession. Probably, everybody thought that, 1. Urban development, land anxious, the agricultural output value too is low, the agriculture withers is the normal phenomenon; 2. The free economy, the mainland agricultural product goes south, Hong Kong production cost expensive, the agriculture is not possible 復元; 3. Hong Kong is over-populated, does not suit the development agriculture; 4. Above receives 3., nobody is willing to join in the agriculture;

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  • 1 decade ago

    Agricultural situation in Hong Kong

    The fifties and the sisties, suburb can see farmland , for yuans of bright , Kintian area main area everywhere in New Territory. Hong Kong economy was developed rapidly by the eighties.

    It is Hong Kong in the most abundant area of agricultural resource of before that yuan are bright, rely mainly on producing the rice mainly, once produced the rice export to U.S.A. and other places for some time (I remembered it was prewar). But the situation changes after the war, because a large number of comes from this harbour of rice entry of Southeast Asia, lead and drop to the price of rice, planting the rice in Hong Kong becomes profitless, this is a reason which changes main Hong Kong New Territory agriculture.

    In the face of the competition of the entry rice, the agriculture of New Territory will make the transition soon, just some peasant households abandon and plough at first, and the government helped the job paper that they applied to go to Britain and Europe to unemployed peasants at that time, arrange for these peasants to go to the other places to work, mainly make the restaurant . This also causes reason why a lot of original residents in New Territory migrate abroad before nine seven.

    Have not abandoned peasants that ploughed, the aid that the government offered technology and purchased , this work is done from fishman in the past mainly, set up the place of interconnected system camp of vegetables separately in New Territory, purchasing the vegetables for peasants, for instance, the vegetables wait in order to encourage peasants to transfer to produce and complement the food. Extend credit to agriculture in addition , lend peasant is it raise chicken only reach the pig only to shift, seventh, the eighties were the times that the poultry industry of New Territory developed and prospered. But the good scene is seldom, the pollution problem emerging of poultry industry , become the main reason that agriculture of New Territory finished by the 1990s.

    Source(s): by myself
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