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Shyu,Archbold, and Imle (1998) noted that the caregiving process is a process of finding a balance point. Recognizing competing needs and adopting balancing strategies accordingly, caregivers would achieve equilibrium between and within their caregiving and family lives. Caregiving is also a dynamic process. That is why the interaction between caregivers and their elderly patients with dementia determines the atmosphere and results of the caregiving process (Wang, Shyu, Yao, & Wu, 1998). In Wilson’s research(1989), the caregivers of demented elderly expressed that their care responsibility was like a “rope” limiting the caregiver, while cultivating their inner strengths to overcome difficulties. Langner (1993) further described, when the situation was confused, a demand to re-control life would be derived from caregivers. Through this, caregivers will adopt different tactics to recover from such heavy care responsibilities. Langner also pointed out that the caregivers’ feeling through the process of caregiving was changeable, depending on their past experiences, life situations and different ways of adapting to the needs of the elderly under their care. Both researches demonstrated the influences of caregivers’ inner strength, similar to the ‘power’ explored in his research. In addition, these researches also revealed the process of power mobilization, which was affected by obstacles and the facilitator. Gutiérrez, GlenMaye, and DeLois (1995) indicated the mechanism of these two opposite strengths in the process played like a tug-of-war. This description was similar to the “supports” and “barriers” of “self-empowerment” in this research. According to these previous researches, we believe that there must be a certain ‘power’ that exists in the caregiving process and that this power can be cultivated and make a difference to the whole caregiving process.
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Shyu ， Archbold 和 Imle（1998) 注意看護程序是發現平衡點的程序。 認識競爭需要而且收養因此平衡策略，照護者將會達成平衡在和之間在他們的看護裡面和家庭生命。 看護也是一個動態的程序。 那是照護者和他們的年老患有癡呆的病人之間的交互作用為什麼決定氣氛和看護程序的結果。（王， Shyu ， Yao， & Wu， 1998) 在威爾遜的研究 （1989), 照護者發狂的年老被表達的當培養他們的內部力量的時候，他們的照料責任像一條 " 粗繩 " 限制照護者克服困難。 Langner（1993) 更進一步描述，當情形感到困擾的時候，一個要求到再控制生活將會起源於照護者。 經過這，照護者將採用不同的戰術從如此重的照料責任恢復。 Langner 也指出那照護者的感覺過看護的程序是可改變的，仰賴在他們的照料之下適應老年人的需要的他們的過去經驗，生活情形和不同方法。 兩者的研究示範照護者的影響力內部的力量，類似’力量’在他的研究方面探究。 除此之外，這些研究也揭露了力量動員的程序，這被障礙和 facilitator 影響了。 Gutierrez，GlenMaye, 和 DeLois（1995) 指出這些的機制像一個拔河被玩的程序的二相反的力量。這一描述與這一個研究的 " 支持 " 和 " 自己的－賦與權能 " 的 " 障礙 " 類似。 依照這些先前的研究，我們相信一定有特定的’力量’在看護程序存在而且這一力量能被種植而且對整個的看護程序有重要性。