Contemporary Israel...?

I need help cause i can't find the answers to these.

1. Which countries are threatening Israel?

2. Which countries are friends, and are there any bordering nations who wish to maintain a neutral relationship?

3. Geographically, is Israel larger or smaller than she was twenty years ago?

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  • 1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    1) Today, the main military threats to Israel come from Syria, Iran, Lebanon, and the Palestinian Authority (PA).

    2) Israel has full diplomatic relations with 161 countries, some friendlier and more sympathetic than others.

    For a list of 31 countries that do not have formal relations with Israel, see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foreign_relations_of_...

    All the states bordering Israel are or at one time were at war with Israel. Egypt and Jordan are now formally at peace with Israel, while Syria and Lebanon maintain a state of war .

    The relationship between Israel and the Palestinian Authority (PA) is complex and evolving. The PA was established as part of a peace process between Israel and the PLO, for the purpose of providing autonomy to the Palestinians in an interim period while they negotiate a final status agreement based on peaceful coexistence with Israel. But Palestinians, sometimes with encouragement and direct assistance from their government, have used this autonomous territory to launch further violent attacks on Israel, and Israel has also retaliated with violence.

    The peace process has almost completely broken down, there are now few official contacts between Israel and the PA, and the elected Palestinian government is now headed by Hamas, which does not recognize the Israel or the interim agreements negotiated between the PA and Israel, and which vows to continue terrorist attacks and other violence until Israel is destroyed and replaced with a Palestinian Muslim state.

    It is hard to understand what a "neutral" relationship with a bordering state might mean.

    The bordering states that recognize and are at peace with Israel (Egypt and Jordan) are perhaps closest to neutrality. In both states, there is still a tremendous amount of anti-Israel popular sentiment, and this is also expressed in these countries' government-controlled press and other media. Government opposition in both countries tends to be fiercely anti-Israel. The governments maintain tense, correct, and rather cool relations with Israel, and often discourage economic cooperation, cultural exchanges, mutual tourism, and other aspects of normal relations between friendly neighbors. But both governments have at times been instrumental in encouraging the Israeli-Palestinian peace process, and both also have difficult, complex relations with the Palestinian Authority. Egypt has sometimes looked the other way and sometimes cracked down violently in response to the smuggling of arms from Egyptian territory into the Gaza Strip, to be used by Palestinian terrorist and guerilla organizations. And the Jordanian government, in particular, has voiced some sympathy for Israel's position vis-a-vis the Palestinians, and patrols its borders to prevent terrorist incursions into Israel.

    It is also widely understood that much of the Lebanese government has no real dispute with Israel, but must maintain formal hostility because of pressure from Syria and Hizbullah.

    3) Israel is exactly the same size it was 20 years ago.

    Forty years ago, the Six-Day War led to Israeli occupation of the Sinai, Gaza Strip, Golan Heights, and West Bank (including East Jerusalem). Israel has since withdrawn from the vast majority of these territories.

    Israeli civil jurisdiction was extended to East Jerusalem in 1967, and to the Golan in 1981. Israel withdrew from the Sinai in the early 1980s in the framework of peace with Egypt, and from the Gaza Strip unilaterally in 2005. Much of the West Bank is now under Palestinian Autonomy, and the rest remains under Israeli military occupation.

    In 1985, in the aftermath of the the first Israel-Lebanon War, Israel established a small security zone along the Israel-Lebanon border. The Israeli army withdrew from this zone to the international border in 2000.

    In summary, since 1987 (i.e., in the last 20 years), Israel has withdrawn its military from the Gaza Strip, parts of the West Bank, and the Lebanese security zone. Because none of these areas were ever annexed to or considered part of Israel, but were under temporary occupation, one cannot say that Israel is larger or smaller than it was twenty years ago. It is exactly the same size.

    • Cyborg5 years agoReport

      As for "withdrawing from the majority of the territories it occupied," that is only true because the Sinai Peninsula constituted the geographic bulk of Israel's 1967 war booty.

  • 1 decade ago

    1) All Arab countries other than Egypt & Jordan. Most other Islamic countries, particularly Iran.

    2) The US is the only country Israel can really count on. Western countries with conservative govts (Germany, Canada & Australia right now) are generally friendly. A handful of small countries are as well. Jordan & Egypt have signed peace treaties with Israel, but are a lot less than friendly.

    3) The borders are the same, but Israel withdrew from Gaza, meaning Israel controls less land.

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