The Feudal system still reigned under the Czars, and then even when they loosened those strictures, the society wasn't ready to adapt. People condemned anyone who tried to change things. Finally, when the Communists took over, it threw everything back into almost a Feudalist mode again, with centralized control. Central control doesn't allow for innovations, so communism held back the EFFECTIVE industrialization, even while increasing the industrialization. In other words, it made the industries less competitive and less efficient, and more wasteful. So, it also stymied progress. Finally, today, the nation is struggling with corruption and heavy regulation, which is again limiting their growth.