英文精英~幫幫我八!!!翻譯下段文字

The polyaxial, pseudo-terminal-flowering architecture of the avocado dictates that trees must continue to increase in size to remain productive. In subtropical climates, where sustainable yield in intensively managed mature orchards may exceed 20 MT ha-1, there are two major periods of shoot growth during a fruiting cycle, one in spring and the other in summer.12,21,100 The spring growth is strongly synchronized by preceding cooler winter temperatures and flowering, with most terminals producing new shoots concomitant with fruit-set. Yield potential may be jeopardized, since limited spatial and temporal separation of reproductive and vegetative growth during this period ostensibly results in competition for photoassimilates and other resources.22,88 Restriction of spring vegetative growth can enhance fruit-set and retention;88-90,101,102 however, renewal growth in spring is also required to replace over-wintered leaves which have reduced photosynthetic capacity.88,91 Failure to produce sufficient new leaves will result in reduced yield.88,103 Summer shoot growth is episodic and provides additional canopy at a time of heavy photoassimilate demand, and is undoubtedly important in the final sizing of fruit and preparation of the tree for the crop of the following season, predominantly borne from terminal positions on summer-grown shoots.27,99,104 Thus, any proposed planting design must accommodate an increase in tree size to sustain production over the economic life of the orchard.

照翻就可以ㄌ

Update:

這是第2段的...

Update 2:

不能太奇怪...不然就無法用了~謝謝唷...

Update 3:

pseudo-...-flowing 偽頂生花

1 Answer

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  • 東東
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    The polyaxial, pseudo-terminal-flowering architecture of the avocado dictates that trees must continue to increase in size to remain productive.

    polyaxial,一種酪梨偽頂生花組織( pseudo-terminal-flowering architecture ),讓樹木必須持續的增長以維持生產量。

    In subtropical climates, where sustainable yield in intensively managed mature orchards may exceed 20 MT ha-1, there are two major periods of shoot growth during a fruiting cycle, one in spring and the other in summer.

    在亞熱帶氣候區,在精緻生產化的果園中,永續生產量可達20MT ha-1,在結果期中,芽的生長有兩個主要的階段,一個在春天,一個在夏天。

    12,21,100 The spring growth is strongly synchronized by preceding cooler winter temperatures and flowering, with most terminals producing new shoots concomitant with fruit-set.

    春天的成長幾乎和先前的冬天低溫以及開花期一致,大多數的末稍都會開始發芽和結果。

    Yield potential may be jeopardized, since limited spatial and temporal separation of reproductive and vegetative growth during this period ostensibly results in competition for photoassimilates and other resources.

    由於生殖和成長時的空間和時間有限,常造成光合作用和其他能量的競爭,生產的可能是有潛在的危險。

    22,88 Restriction of spring vegetative growth can enhance fruit-set and retention;88-90,101,102 however, renewal growth in spring is also required to replace over-wintered leaves which have reduced photosynthetic capacity.

    春天植物成長的限制會加強結果和維持原形(enhance fruit-set and retention),然而,春天的新芽也會取代渡冬的葉子,因為後者會使光合綜合(photosynthetic)的能力下降。

    88,91 Failure to produce sufficient new leaves will result in reduced yield.

    無法生出足夠葉子的話,結果也會受到影響。

    88,103 Summer shoot growth is episodic and provides additional canopy at a time of heavy photoassimilate demand, and is undoubtedly important in the final sizing of fruit and preparation of the tree for the crop of the following season, predominantly borne from terminal positions on summer-grown shoots.

    夏天的新芽則較不連貫(episodic )而且在大量光合作用的時期,提供了額外的遮蔭。並且,毫無疑問地,在決定果實的大小以及樹木為下季的生產作準備上,扮演了重要的角色。在這個時期會大量的自末稍發芽。

    27,99,104 Thus, any proposed planting design must accommodate an increase in tree size to sustain production over the economic life of the orchard.

    因此,任何的種植計畫都必須要考慮到樹木的成長,以維持果園的經濟效益。

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