Well the Austro-Hungarian Empire was dissolved after WWI, but for all practical purposes they had serious problems long before 1914-1918 it was disintegrating. You see it was a vast collection of territory assembled by the Hapsburg's and WWI was the death blow it was stumbling from one political/constitutional crises to the next.
WHY- #1 Nationalism large % of ethnic minorities who wanted no part of the empire they wanted their own nation-state or greater autonomy like Hungary had.These groups included Poles, Czechs, Serbs, Slovaks, Italians, Croats, and Slovenes.
#2-Military- No unified national army it basically disintegrated as the Poles, Czechs, Slovakians, other minorities found no reason to die for their Germain and Hungarian officers , so they deserted in large numbers. By 1915 without Germans help the A-H Empire would have been defeated as they suffered serious losses to both Russia and Serbia.
#3- Political- Weak leadership [Emperor Franz Joseph] and top heavy inefficient bureaucracy that was unable to deal with such a serious crises as WWI. The strain taxes the system too much and it eventually just collapsed. Latter the gentle and sick young Emperor Karl tried to sign a seperate peace with the Allies, but it went no where. Italy and many other groups just wanted the old order to die and break this relic from the past up.
#4-WWI- It was just dragging on going poorly for the A-H Empire the blockade cut off food and goods as they couldn't meet their own needs. By 1918 internal strife broke out in the Empire people where just sick of war strikes brought cities to a standstill and the navy mutinied in the Adraiatic. The Emperor didn't have the power to put a stop to this.
Socialism-Communism became a strong viable alternative in both Hungary and Austria against the old order as they found in the middle and working classes. In Hungary the communists seized Budapest in 1919 and it took the Romanians to remove them from power. Austrai will also suffer from political upheavel that gets only worse in 1934 when the Socialist are crushed by the government using armed force. By 1936 Austrai acknowledges itself as a German state in 1938 Hitler makes this a realityAnschluss (the union).
Both Austria and Hungary loss all external territory. In addition Hungary loses Transylvania to Romania and Vojvodina to Serbia creating Hungarian minorities in both nations. Austrao became a landlock nation lost the port city of Trieste plus territory of southern Tyrol to Italy. To this day ethnic Germans are a minority in this region of Italy.
· 1 decade ago