can anyone name me famous australians who were pioneers in their respective fields?

i.e. Australians who broke world records, climbed the highest mountains, found cures for diseases etc.

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Democratic Firsts

    First place in the world to have a secret ballot in elections (1856)

    First Place in the world to give women the vote. (1894)

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    Legal Firsts

    Torrens Title. An Australian invented the worlds first method of land registration. Now in use by many countries around the world.

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    Sporting Firsts

    First country in the world to beat America in it America's cup.

    Only country to have attended every modern Olympic games.

    The first country to employ skiing as a sport. (1863)

    The Australian crawl. Until the 1890's competetive freestyle was done with the head out of the water. (Remember how Tarzan used to swim in the movies?) Australian Dick Cavill popularised it and enabled it to be accepted in world class meetings.

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    Inventions

    The bionic ear, a device that enables some deaf children to hear.

    Flexible wine casks... the bag in the box.

    The boomerang. Ancient weapon of the aboriginies. Other cultures have throwing sticks but none came back to the thrower if it missed the target.

    The Notepad. In the whole history of paper, it had been sold and used in single sheets until in 1902 JA Birchall thought it would be a good idea to stack a pile of half sheets together, back it with cardboard and glue one end.

    Making the world's first notepad.

    The Electric Drill was the invention of Arthur James Arnot, who patented it in 1889.

    Postage stamps. The world's first pre paid postage system was introduced at Sydney in 1838.

    The world's first refrigeration plant was an Australian invention of 1858.

    To our collective shame, the worlds first bathing beauty contest was held in Australia in 1920.

    The famous "black box" flight recorder for recording aeroplane movements was invented in Australia in 1958.

    Also in 1958 the worlds first regular 'round the world' airline service was begun.

    The inflatable aircraft escape slide, which becomes a raft if the aeroplane ditches in water was an Australian invention of 1965.

    The Automatic letter sorting machine - 1930

    Two stroke lawn mower.

    The rotary hoist washing line.

    Lithium as a treatment for manic depression.

    Latex gloves 1945

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    Some sources (including at one time this page!) give Australia the credit for the Xerox photocopying process but was the NOT the case.

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    Military firsts

    The underwater torpedo, Louis Brennan 1874

    The tank (1912 - Lance de Mole)

    Paper machine gun belt - dramatically reduced gun jamming while firing.

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    Biggest

    The largest Island in the world.

    The flagpole at Parliament house in Canberra is the largest aluminium object in the world.

    Sydney Tower is the highest building in the southern hemisphere.

    Kalgoorlie in WA is the worlds largest electorate 2,255,278 sq km

    The Australian Labor Party is the oldest surviving labor party in the world. (1891)

    The worlds largest cattle property is Strangeray Springs in S.A. over 30,000 sq km

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  • 4 years ago

    Kylie Minogue, Barry Humphrys, Paul Hopgan, Steve Irwin, Ricky Ponting, Shane Warne, Alan Dale

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  • 1 decade ago

    Sir Charles Kingsford Smith - Early aviator

    Eddie Mabo - Torres straight islander, Indegineous land rights

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  • 1 decade ago

    Sir Donald Bradman- the famous cricketer.

    Dawn Fraser- Swimming champion. Gold Olympic medalist.

    Cathy Freeman- runner also gold olympic medalist.

    We have few more but I cant remember their names.

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  • Hamish
    Lv 4
    1 decade ago

    I thought I'd add just a few of our sports heros.

    Swimming

    Dawn Fraser, MBE -

    the first woman to swim 100 metres in less than one minute; the only swimmer in the world to win the same event at three Olympic games in a row;

    Shane Gould -

    the only athlete to hold every world freestyle record from 100m to 1500m simultaneously, and the only swimmer ever to win three Olympic Gold Medals in world record time;

    Kieren Perkins -

    dual 1500m Olympic gold medal-winner; world champion; famous for winning the Atlanta Olympics 1500m in what became known as 'the swim of the century'; and,

    Murray Rose -

    star of 1956 Melbourne Olympics; the most successful Australian male Olympian to date.

    Tennis legends

    Evonne Goolagong Cawley, AO, MBE -

    winner seven Grand Slams;

    Lleyton Hewitt -

    youngest ever player to be crowned world number one;

    Rod Laver -

    winner 11 Grand Slams; and,

    Ken Rosewall -

    winner 12 Grand Slams.

    Formula One World Drivers' Champions

    1959/60/66 Jack Brabham

    1967 Denny Hulme

    1980 Alan Jones

    Grand Prix motorcycle racing World Champions

    500 cc/MotoGP

    1994/95/96/97/98 Michael Doohan (Honda)

    1987 Wayne Gardner (Honda)

    1961 Gary Hocking (MV Agusta)

    Multiple World Championships holders:

    Michael Doohan 5 (500 cc: 5)

    Hugh Anderson 4 (125 cc: 2, 50 cc: 2)

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