There was a little historical event called the American Revolutionary War 1775-1783. 13 colonies declared their Independence from King George III -English Crown. British colonies of New Foundland, Nova Scotia and Quebec stay loyal. As part of the Quebec Act 1774 this colony was given land that expanded the boundries to the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers. Roman Catholicism is the reconised religion and French the language.
Continental Army did invade the colony of Quebec (modern Canada) in the mistaken believe that they would join the rebellion since England had ruled over Quebec since 1759 when Montreal falls to British forces (French-Indian War) They were sadly mistaken, Most Canadians could not see much correlation between their situation and that of the 13 colonies to the south.
Make a long story short the campaign set out on September 4 1775 with the invasion force by November 13 Montreal was captured, December 31 the attack on Quebec City fails the siege will continue by April 1776. British reinforcements arrive and last Continental forces leave June 18 ending the attempt to make Quebec the 14th state.
From 1776-1783 loyalist refugees will flee to these British controlled colonies. After the war many will settle in Canada. Loyalists those people who stayed loyal to the crown of England and didn't want independence.
Timeline Canada- A chronology of key events.
1783- Peace Treaty of Paris reconised the Great Lakes and the Mississippi in the west as the frontiers of the newly-born the United States. The original 13 colonies had decisvly establish themselves as the new United States. After that Canada and the USA will go in different directions.
Map of the 13 colonies
New boundries of the United States 1783
War of 1812 (1812-1814) between the United States and Britain (Over British naval blockades) Again the US fails to realise its plans to invade Canada.
-1818 Boundry between Canada and the United States established at the 49th parallel from Lake of Woods to the Rockies. Joint British/American rule over Oregon Territory.
- 1849, the border between Canada and the United States , which ran along the 49th parallel line is established to the Pacific.
1903- Canada loses the Alaskan boundry dispute and the borders between British Colombia and Alaska are finalized by a tribunal ruling 3-2. After that the boundries are fixed.
Quebec has tried to become independent. In 1968 Parti Quebecois (PQ) is formed to push for independence. 1970 Members of a radical Quebec separist group carried out viloence and kidnapping to force Canada to grant them independence.
There where 2 referendums 1980 (defeated) and again 1995 which lost by 1% over independence.
Research The American Civil War (1861-1865) Confederate States (South) declare independence from the Union. Union wins and the Confederacy is no more.
Republic of Texas (1836-1845) and California Republic (June 14,1846-July 9 1846), but both join the United States of America and eventually are granted statehood.
Canada and the USA are not the same countries different history that resulted in a different society. Both nations may not always agree, but relations are usually good. NAFTA is a free trade agreement that includes Mexico. In fact Jan 2006 Stephen Harper a Conservative is elected ending 12 years of Liberal Rule and he is working on better relations with George Bush. You really can't generalize how all the people of Canada think about the USA-Canada relationship.
· 1 decade ago