tony asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

英文文法有一些疑問

請問依下

1. I want him to do it 是 v+o+ to vㄉ形式

2. i sent him to buy the book

可是為啥

1. I think him waiting for us

2. i feel the wind blowing on my face 形式又不一樣ㄌ 是不是跟什ㄇ分詞補語之類有關ㄉ

還有一題 the man who is sitting on the chair is surrounded by his friends

跟 the man is sitting on the chair surrounded by his friends 文法都對嘛?

2 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
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    一個句子當中只會有一個『主要動詞』

    其餘的用作補充說明的需要化為

    1. 動名詞 Ving

    2. 不定詞 to V

    3. 現在分詞 Ving & 過去分詞 Ven

    你遇到的剛好是前兩個

    至於主要動詞後面要接 to V 或 Ving

    很多人會說,這是慣用語 or 片語,背起來

    其實很多時候還是有跡可循的

    1. 不定詞 to V

    有不確定的語氣存在,通常會講『去做什麼....』的那種感覺

    I want him to do it. 『我希望他去做』

    = I want that he will do it.

    = I want that he is going to do it.

    事情還沒做,將要去做

    i sent him to buy the book 『我差遣他去買書』

    事情也還沒完成,將要去做

    事實上,不定詞可以當作是助動詞的省略

    I want him to do it. 『我希望他去做』

    = I want that he will do it.

    = I want 〈that he is going〉 to do it.

    2. 動名詞 Ving

    動名詞可以當作名詞來看

    往往帶有『動作、持續』的意思在

    I think him waiting for us. 我認為他一直等我們

    等待不是瞬間的,而是持續的動作,所以用 Ving 加強持續的意義

    如果這裡用

    I think him to wait for us.

    那就有他未來才去等我們 or 不確定的意思

    你都認為他去等了,又說不確定

    豈不自打嘴巴,就有點不合語意了

    i feel the wind blowing on my face

    這句也一樣

    風正在 & 持續 的吹在臉上

    而且感覺是當下的,不可能是未來 or 不確定 的涵義

    所以趕覺更不可能用 to V 了

    3. 這句是關代

    the man 〈who is sitting on the chair〉 is surrounded by his friends

    括號起來的地方是補充說明

    等於這兩句的結合

    the man is surrounded by his friends

    the man is sitting on the chair

    兩句結合一定要有連接的詞類

    這邊用 Who= the man 來連接兩句

    才不會變成兩個主詞兩個動詞唷

    當然也能簡化為上面的句型

    the man 〈who is〉 sitting on the chair is surrounded by his friends

    希望有幫到你

    加油!!

    Source(s): 旋元佑文法書
  • 1 decade ago

    這是跟 你用的"動詞"有關

    有些動詞 要加 to V

    有些加 Ving

    如 deny

    He denied having seen these watches before.

    avoid

    They all avoided mentioning that name.

    The man [who is sitting on the chair] is surrounded by his friends.文法是對的

    [ ]中是關係子句 who is 可以省略

    寫成The man sitting on the chair is surrounded by his friends.

    他是由這兩個句子 融合而成的

    The man is sitting on the chair.

    The man is surrounded by his friends.

    下ㄧ句文法應該是沒錯 但語意怪怪的 應該沒什麼人會這樣寫

    是由這兩個句子 融合而成的

    The man is sitting on the chair.

    The chair is surrounded by his friends.

    Source(s): me
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