What exactly is HIV and AIDS ?? What's the difference and can you have one without the other??

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    if someone is HIV positive, it can turn to AIDS if they dont take care of themselves or get tested.

    having AIDS is the point of no return.

    you can click on this link and read more about it.

    http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/common-topics/d...

    HIV

    Abbreviation for: Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

    AIDS

    Pronunciation (ādz)

    A deficiency of cellular immunity induced by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) and characterized by opportunistic diseases, including Pneumocystis jiroveci (formerly carinii) pneumonia, Kaposi sarcoma, oral hairy leukoplakia, cytomegalovirus disease, tuberculosis, Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) disease, candidal esophagitis, cryptosporidiosis, isoporiasis, cryptococcosis, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), herpes zoster, and lymphoma. HIV is transmitted from person to person in cell-rich body fluids (notably blood and semen) through sexual contact, sharing of contaminated needles (as by IV drug abusers), or other contact with infected blood (as in accidental needlesticks among health care workers). Maternal-fetal transmission also occurs. The primary targets of HIV are cells with the CD4 surface protein, including principally helper T lymphocytes. Antibody to HIV, which appears in the serum 6 weeks to 6 months after infection, serves as a reliable diagnostic marker but does not bind or inactivate HIV. Gradual decline in the CD4 lymphocyte count, typically occurring over a period of 10–12 years, culminates in loss of ability to resist opportunistic infections. The appearance of one or more of these infections defines the onset of AIDS. In some patients, generalized lymphadenopathy, fever, weight loss, dementia, or chronic diarrhea occurs much earlier in the course of the infection. Untreated AIDS is uniformly lethal within 2–5 years after the first appearance of an opportunistic infection. Besides prophylaxis against opportunistic infection, standard therapy of HIV infection includes use of nucleoside analogues (e.g., didanosine, lamivudine, ribavirin, stavudine, zipovudine), nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (e.g., delavirine, efavirenz, nevirapine) and protease inhibitors (e.g., atazanavir, crixivan, indinavir, ritonavir, saquinavir). See also: human immunodeficiency virus, plasma viral load

    Syn: acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

    i hope this helps...

  • Anonymous
    7 years ago

    Currently, there are five HIV protease inhibitors approved by FDA for the treatment of HIV infection. These medications work at the final stage of viral replication and attempt to prevent HIV from making new copies of itself by interfering with the HIV protease enzyme. As a result, the new copies of HIV are not able to infect new cells.1 The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the new drugs in December, 1995 for Invirase; and March, 1996 for Norvir and Crixivan. Go here

    http://www.lalorspharmacy.com - Canadian

    http://www.good-pharmacy.com - European

    http://www.jvspharmacy.com - American

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    hiv is the human immunodiefency vires and aids is aquired immune deficency aids is the later stage of hiv. most cases of hiv do not advance to the late stage of aids especially for numerours years

  • 1 decade ago

    first u contract hiv that can furthur itself to full blown aids.

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