What does it mean to have Nitrites in the urine? (Nitrates?)?
- 1 decade agoBest Answer
Whereas NITRATES are more or less normal in urine (mainly coming from food additives and from food protein, it seems, though their origin is the subject to extensive studies), the presence of NITRITES IS NOT NORMAL!!
Bacteria that cause a urinary tract infection (UTI) produce an enzyme that converts urinary nitrates to nitrites. The presence of nitrites in urine indicates therefore a UTI (urinary tract infection). Urinary tract infections are caused when bacteria stick to the walls of the bladder, kidney or the opening of the urethra and then multiply. The majority of the people who get urinary tract infections (UTI) are women who are healthy. Approximately 20% of women will develop a UTI at some point in their lifetime. The reason may be that a woman’s urethra is short. Therefore, bacteria can get a quick access to the bladder. Also, the urethral opening is near the vagina and anus where sources of bacteria are easily accessible. Urinary tract infections are usually bacterial or viral which can be divided into two categories. The first category is that UTI occurs in the lower urinary tract. These infections are usually either cystitis (bladder) or urethritis (usually associated with a sexually transmitted disease). The second category is that UTI occurs in the upper portion of the urinary tract (pyelonephritis). These infections are often more complicated than those of the lower urinary tract, and may require more advanced methods in diagnosis and more aggressive treatment.
Under normal conditions, the urine is sterile. It contains fluids, salts, and waste products, but it is usually free of bacteria, viruses, and fungi. The bacteria that is most frequently causing UTI is Escherichia coli (E. coli), which are naturally found in the colon, stomach, around the anus, and in the stool. Infections happen when these bacteria are spread from the rectum or vagina to the urethra and then to the bladder or kidneys. People usually know they have a UTI infection because they can feel the symptoms of a UTI. These symptoms are:
* A painful burning sensation during urination
* The frequent urge to urinate with little urine passing
* Lower back, abdominal, or side pain
* Cloudy, dark, bloody, or unusual-smelling urine
* Chills and fever
Once the symptoms are present, the diagnosis can be confirmed by testing the presence of nitrites in urine. Nitrites in urine often indicate a urinary tract infection. The early detection can help alleviate the symptoms early before it becomes too painful and see a physician to prescribe a course of antibiotics. For simple infections, the course of therapy is 3 days. For more serious infections, a course of therapy is 7 days or longer to kill the bacteria that are causing the urinary tract infection. Sometimes about one out of every five women who get a UTI will get another one. There are some women who get three or more UTIs a year. However, men hardly get repeat infections. People who have diabetes or a problem that makes it difficult to urinate may get repeat infections. For the early detection purposes, Woman's Wellbeing™ came up with a UTI Home Screening Test Kit™ that detects about 90% of infections occurring in women who get recurrent UTI’s and sexually active women.Source(s): http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/Urine-Test http://www.testmyhormones.com/uti__background.htm
- How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
- Anonymous4 years ago
Forget anything you have ever been told about Diabetes.
And get this - it has nothing to do with insulin, exercise, diet or anything else you've heard in the past. It's all based on latest breakthrough research that Big Pharma is going Stir Crazy to hide from you.
Visit here : https://tr.im/jylFQ to find out what all the fuss is about.
- 5 years ago
bacteria in urine
- chiLv 41 decade ago
- 4 years ago
get it right
- 5 years ago
what other complication does it has?