State of Maryland
Flag of Maryland Seal of Maryland
Nickname(s): Old Line State; Free State
Motto(s): Fatti maschii, parole femine
(Manly deeds, womanly words)
Official language(s) None (English, de facto)
Largest city Baltimore
Area Ranked 42nd
- Total 12,417 sq mi
- Width 90 miles (145 km)
- Length 249 miles (400 km)
- % water 21
- Latitude 37°53'N to 39°43'N
- Longitude 75°4'W to 79°33'W
Population Ranked 19th
- Total (2000) 5,600,388
- Density 541.9/sq mi
- Median income $56,763 (3rd)
- Highest point Hoye Crest
3,360 ft (1,024 m)
- Mean 344 ft (105 m)
- Lowest point Atlantic Ocean
0 ft (0 m)
Admission to Union April 28, 1788 (7th)
Governor Martin O'Malley (D)
U.S. Senators Barbara Mikulski (D)
Ben Cardin (D)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Abbreviations MD US-MD
Web site www.maryland.gov
Maryland countiesMaryland (IPA: [ˈmæ.ɹɪ.lənd]) is a Mid-Atlantic/Southern state located on the East Coast of the United States. According to the most recent information provided by the 2005 American Community Survey of the U.S. Census Bureau, the State of Maryland is the second most wealthy state in the United States, with a median household income of $61,592.
Maryland is classified by the U.S. Census Bureau as a South-Atlantic state. It was the seventh state to ratify the United States Constitution, and is nicknamed the Old Line State and the Free State. Its history as a border state has led it to exhibit characteristics of both the Northern and Southern regions of the United States.
Maryland's economy is diverse, but the state has become popular for its leadership as a life sciences hub. There are over 350 biotechnology firms in the state, making it third-largest cluster in the nation. Institutions and agencies located throughout Maryland include University of Maryland, Johns Hopkins University, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
California (pronounced [ˌkæ.lɪ.ˈfɔɹ.njə]) is the most populous state of the United States. Located on the Pacific coast of North America, it is bordered by Oregon, Nevada and Arizona in the United States, and Baja California in Mexico. The state's four largest cities are Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose and San Francisco. California is known for its Mediterranean climate and ethnically diverse population. The state has 58 counties.
Inhabited by indigenous people for millennia, California was first colonized by the Spanish in 1769, and after Mexican independence in 1821, continued as part of Mexico. Following a brief period as the independent California Republic in 1846, California was annexed by the United States that same year, and was admitted to the Union as the thirty-first state on September 9, 1850.
California's diverse geography ranges from the sandy beaches of the Pacific coast to the rugged, snow-capped Sierra Nevada mountains in the east. The central portion of the state is dominated by the Central Valley, one of the most vital agricultural areas in the country. The Sierra Nevada contains Yosemite Valley, famous for its glacially-carved domes, and Sequoia National Park, home to the largest living organisms on Earth, the giant sequoia trees, and the highest point in the contiguous United States, Mount Whitney. The tallest living things on Earth, the ancient redwood trees, dot the coastline, mainly north of San Francisco. California is also home to the lowest and hottest place in the Western Hemisphere, Death Valley. Bristlecone pines located in the White Mountains are the oldest known trees in the world; one has an age of 4,700 years.
The California Gold Rush, beginning in 1848, dramatically changed California with an influx of population and an economic boom. The early part of the 20th century was marked by Los Angeles becoming the center of the entertainment industry, in addition to the growth of a large tourism sector in the state. The Central Valley is home to California's important agricultural industry, the largest of any state. Other important industries have included the aerospace and oil industries. In recent decades, California has become a global leader in computers and information technology. If California were a country, its economy would rank among the ten largest in the world.[2}