What does tear gas consist of, material-wise?

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  • fdm215
    Lv 7
    1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    Tear Gas

    Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia - Cite This Source

    tear gas, gas that causes temporary blindness through the excessive flow of tears resulting from irritation of the eyes. The gas is used in chemical warfare and as a means for dispersing mobs. Compounds that cause lacrimation (watering of the eyes) include bromoacetone, benzyl bromide, chloroacetophenone, ethyl iodoacetate, chloropicrin bromobenzyl cyanide, and bromine-substituted xylenes. In warfare a lacrimating compound in liquid form is placed in bombs, shells, or grenades; when the device explodes, the liquid is dispersed as an aerosol.

    The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia Copyright © 2004, Columbia University Press.

    Licensed from Columbia University Press

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    A riot control agent is a type of lachrymatory agent (or lacrimatory agent). These are chemical compounds, such as benzyl bromide, or CS gas (o-Chlorobenzylidene malononitrile) that causes the eyes to sting and water. The word "lachrymatory" comes from the Latin lacrima meaning "a tear". The term "riot control agent" is euphemistic.

    Any chemical which has this effect may be called lachrymatory, but "riot control agent" or "tear gas" implies a lachrymatory chemical chosen for its low toxicity which is judged to be non-lethal.

    These chemicals are used to disperse a riot, as they can rapidly produce sensory irritation or disabling physical effects which disappear following termination of exposure. They can also be used for chemical warfare defence training, although their use in warfare itself is a violation of the Chemical Weapons Convention.

    Tear gas is a non-specific term for any chemical that is used to cause temporary incapacitation through irritation of eyes and/or respiratory system. Tear gas is used as a hand-held spray or in grenades. It is widely used by police forces to subdue people in arrest or riot situations.

    Popular tear gases include the eye irritants CS, CN, CR, and the respiratory irritant OC pepper spray.

    These gases are usually fired in canisters that emit the gases at a steady rate.

    Source(s): LIFE
  • 1 decade ago

    Some of the compounds used in making tear gas include bromoacetone, benzyl bromide, chloroacetophenone, ethyl iodoacetate, chloropicrin bromobenzyl cyanide, and bromine-substituted xylenes.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Ground up kitty cats. JK. It's the same stuff as pepper spray.

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  • 1 decade ago

    Chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile

  • 1 decade ago

    CS gas is actually o-chlorobenzylidene malononitrile, and is a nasty irritant.

    Source(s): 15 years of experiance.
  • 1 decade ago

    Not telling you! How do we know that you are not a bad person intent on making us all cry?

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    acetophenone

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