Kurd's are people living in Kurdistan....wich is an area of the Middle East that spans 4 countries: Turkey, Syria, Iraq and Iran.
Prior to the fall of the Ottoman Empire in 1920, Kurdistan was divided between Persia (now Iran) and the Ottoman Empire. After the end of World War I and at the fall of the Ottoman Empire, the League Of Nations (predecessor of the United Nations) created an independent Kurdish nation-state in the treaty of Sevres in 1920. But the treaty was rejected by nationalist Turks headed by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
At the end of the Greco-Turkish war in 1923, the treaty of Lausanne created modern Turkey and granted it a large part of Kurdistan. The remaining non-Persian part was divided between Iraq and Syria.
Iraq was created in 1920 by the joining of the 3 former Ottoman regions of Mosul, Baghdad and Basra. It was administered under the British Mandate until it obtained its full independance from the British in 1932, when Faisal became king.
Syria and Lebanon were also created in 1920 and administered under the French Mandate until they became fully independent from the French in 1943.
The Kurds biggest dream is to unite these 4 parts together and to create an independent country for themselves. And the reason is: they want to be independent of the neighbouring folks. And this is their true right.