Although most people consider the cold and flu season to span from November through February, these ailments are not limited to the winter months. Winter is not the only time that people get colds but they are more prevalent at that time. Colds happen all year round.
According to Alternative Medicine, compiled by the Burton Goldberg Group, cold and flu viruses are the most common afflictions attacking the body's upper respiratory tract, with 40% of the U.S. population being stricken with flu each year. The editors explain that, "the common cold and flu are believed by most physicians to be caused by exposure and susceptibility to a variety of common viruses."
Colds and flu are more common in the winter months because people congregate inside, with the doors and windows shut tight, allowing viruses to increase and spread in close quarters. So cover your mouth when you cough This may help some but you can't stop people from touching doorknobs, rub their eyes, shake hands and pass the germs along that way, as well as through the air. Best defense: build and maintain a strong immune system.
Once contact with a cold is made, it takes an average of two to three days for the victim to experience symptoms, such as a runny nose, watery eyes, aches and pains, coughs, sore throat or sneezing. For this reason, a person may be infected with a cold virus, but because he or she is unaware of its presence, take no precautions against spreading germs. This leads to a rapid spread among family members, friends and coworkers.
Viruses also find a fertile breeding ground among young children. This is particularly true for children in day care centers.